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Oral history interview with Judith Nachum

Oral History | Accession Number: 2006.70.30 | RG Number: RG-50.583.0030

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Judith Nachum, born July 7, 1928 in Teplice, Czechoslovakia (Czech Republic), discusses her family’s background; her schooling; rising antisemitism and the start of the occupation of Sudetenland; moving to Prague, Czech Republic for a while, then being sent to the country to attend a Czech school; acting as an interpreter for her mother whose Czech was limited; her father losing his job and attempting to go to Palestine; her family being declared foreigners by the Germans because of their strong Jewish identity; her mother’s efforts to help her grandmother in Vienna, Austria; moving back to Prague; having to give up her belongings in 1942; being forced to move into the Theresienstadt Ghetto in 1942; leaving her house without yet a sense of fear; her arrival at the ghetto; getting a job with her mother in the nursery growing vegetables for the Germans; contracting scarlet fever; stealing food; being deported to Birkenau and then to Oederan, a subcamp of Flossenburg, in October and November 1944; how Gertrude Weniger, the SS woman in charge, tried to befriend her mother; working outdoors laying electric cables; being afraid because of the bombings; the impending German defeat; sabotaging her work in the factory; evacuating the camp in April 1945; Weniger confiding in her mother about the atrocities she committed; going back to the Theresienstadt Ghetto before going to Prague on May 4, 1945, the day before the ghetto's liberation; staying in Prague until leaving for Israel; and moving to Australia.

Interviewee
Judith Nachum
Date
1992 February 26  (interview)
Language
English
Extent
1 sound cassette.
Credit Line
Forms part of the Claims Conference International Holocaust Documentation Archive at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. This archive consists of documentation whose reproduction and/or acquisition was made possible with funding from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.
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Record last modified: 2018-01-22 10:48:12
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn43173