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Oral history interview with Judith Nachum

Oral History | Digitized | Accession Number: 2006.70.30 | RG Number: RG-50.583.0030

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    Oral history interview with Judith Nachum


    Interview Summary
    Judith Nachum, born July 7, 1928 in Teplice, Czechoslovakia (Czech Republic), discusses her family’s background; her schooling; rising antisemitism and the start of the occupation of Sudetenland; moving to Prague, Czech Republic for a while, then being sent to the country to attend a Czech school; acting as an interpreter for her mother whose Czech was limited; her father losing his job and attempting to go to Palestine; her family being declared foreigners by the Germans because of their strong Jewish identity; her mother’s efforts to help her grandmother in Vienna, Austria; her view of Benjamin Murmelstein; moving back to Prague; having to give up her belongings in 1942; being forced to move into the Theresienstadt Ghetto in 1942; leaving her house without yet a sense of fear; her arrival at the ghetto; getting a job with her mother in the nursery growing vegetables for the Germans; contracting scarlet fever; stealing food; being deported to Birkenau and then to Oederan, a subcamp of Flossenbürg, in October and November 1944; how Gertrude Weniger, the SS woman in charge, tried to befriend her mother; working outdoors laying electric cables; being afraid because of the bombings; the impending German defeat; sabotaging her work in the factory; evacuating the camp in April 1945; Weniger confiding in her mother about the atrocities she committed; going back to the Theresienstadt Ghetto before going to Prague on May 4, 1945, the day before the ghetto's liberation; staying in Prague until leaving for Israel; and moving to Australia.
    Judith Nachum
    interview:  1992 February 26
    Credit Line
    Forms part of the Claims Conference International Holocaust Documentation Archive at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. This archive consists of documentation whose reproduction and/or acquisition was made possible with funding from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.

    Physical Details

    2 sound cassettes.

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    There are no known restrictions on access to this material.
    Conditions on Use
    Permission must be obtained from the University of Sydney, Archive of Australian Judaica for any type of use other than research.

    Keywords & Subjects

    Personal Name
    Nachum, Judith, 1928-

    Administrative Notes

    The Australian Institute of Holocaust Studies conducted the interview with Judith Nachum on February 26, 1992 for the Twelfth Hour Project. The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum received a copy of the interview in April 2006 from the State Library of New South Wales where the collection is housed.
    Record last modified:
    2023-11-16 09:03:08
    This page:

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