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Oral history interview with Elizabeth Schwarcz

Oral History | Digitized | Accession Number: 2006.70.103 | RG Number: RG-50.583.0103

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    Oral history interview with Elizabeth Schwarcz


    Interview Summary
    Elizabeth Schwarcz, born March 11, 1918 in Vac, Hungary, discusses her background and family; marrying in 1941; her husband being taken away in a Hungarian labor battalion to the Don Campaign where he was killed; the start of the German occupation of Hungary in 1944; living in the ghetto; the belief that the Hungarian government would do something; being transported in cattle cars to Auschwitz; being separated during Mengele’s selections from her mother and her baby; finding out later that her mother and her baby were both killed; feeling a sense of unreality; being transferred to Bergen-Belsen; being transferred to Markkleeberg labor camp, where she worked twelve hour shifts in a factory producing parts for airplanes; the poem she composed while there about the poor conditions; her rations being reduced; her hopes of being liberated by the US Army being dashed when they were forced to walk for 21 days on a death march to Theresienstadt in April 1945; being liberated by the Russian Army; returning to Vac; receiving news of her husband’s death; marrying her current husband in 1946; immigrating to Australia in 1956; and running a kosher restaurant in Sydney.
    Elizabeth Schwarcz
    Nora Huppert
    interview:  1989 December 04
    Credit Line
    Forms part of the Claims Conference International Holocaust Documentation Archive at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. This archive consists of documentation whose reproduction and/or acquisition was made possible with funding from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.

    Physical Details

    1 sound cassette.

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    There are no known restrictions on access to this material.
    Conditions on Use
    Permission must be obtained from the University of Sydney, Archive of Australian Judaica for any type of use other than research.

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    The Australian Institute of Holocaust Studies conducted the interview with Elizabeth Schwarcz on December 4, 1989for the Twelfth Hour Project. The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum received a copy of the interview in April 2006 from the State Library of New South Wales where the collection is housed.
    Record last modified:
    2023-11-16 09:03:37
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