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Oral history interview with Elizabeth Schwarcz

Oral History | Accession Number: 2006.70.103 | RG Number: RG-50.583.0103

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Elizabeth Schwarcz, born March 11, 1918 in Vac, Hungary, discusses her background and family; marrying in 1941; her husband being taken away in a Hungarian labor battalion to the Don Campaign where he was killed; the start of the German occupation of Hungary in 1944; living in the ghetto; the belief that the Hungarian government would do something; being transported in cattle cars to Auschwitz; being separated during Mengele’s selections from her mother and her baby; finding out later that her mother and her baby were both killed; feeling a sense of unreality; being transferred to Bergen-Belsen; being transferred to Markkleeberg labor camp, where she worked twelve hour shifts in a factory producing parts for airplanes; the poem she composed while there about the poor conditions; her rations being reduced; her hopes of being liberated by the US Army being dashed when they were forced to walk for 21 days on a death march to Theresienstadt in April 1945; being liberated by the Russian Army; returning to Vac; receiving news of her husband’s death; marrying her current husband in 1946; immigrating to Australia in 1956; and running a kosher restaurant in Sydney.

Interviewee
Elizabeth Schwarcz
Interviewer
Nora Huppert
Date
1989 December 04  (interview)
Language
English
Extent
1 sound cassette.
Credit Line
Forms part of the Claims Conference International Holocaust Documentation Archive at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. This archive consists of documentation whose reproduction and/or acquisition was made possible with funding from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.
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Record last modified: 2018-01-22 11:00:05
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn43306