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Oral history interview with Jack Schwartz

Oral History | Accession Number: 2006.70.105 | RG Number: RG-50.583.0105

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Jack Schwartz, born March 5, 1929 in Nyírcsaholy, Hungary, discusses his hometown and family; attending a Greek Orthodox school; leading a traditional Jewish life; how life was hard but normal until 1944; receiving little news on wider events in Europe and not believing what he did hear about the war; moving to Budapest with his brothers in 1943; his oldest brother being taken to a labor camp; the start of the German occupation of Hungary; being given the “Yellow star” edict but being warned by a fellow villager not to go; hearing later that those who reported were taken to a ghetto; getting a new job, for which he was given money and a pass; being able to move unrestrictedly due to his pass; getting a job clearing bomb rubble in June 1944; Jack and all of his coworkers receiving a Swiss Schutzpass; the Arrow Cross takeover of the government; looting; being taken to another house where he lived in the cellar; not being able to go to work anymore, but still going out without his yellow star; everyone in his house being transported via cattle car to Bergen-Belsen; conditions and food at the camp, which worsened as the end of the war approached; the German guards; being one of 1500 prisoners who volunteered to leave the camp on April 5, 1945; being liberated by American troops on April 13 near Zelle (Celle, Germany); being looked after by American doctors in Hillersleben, Germany; being taken to Buchenwald, where he spent two weeks; journeying via train with a group of other children to Paris, France, where they had a huge welcome and was hounded by the press; deciding to remain in Paris while the other children departed for Palestine; and visiting Hungary once before immigrating to Australia.

Interviewee
Jack Schwartz
Interviewer
Herta Imhof
Date
1990 October 23  (interview)
Language
English
Extent
1 sound cassette.
Credit Line
Forms part of the Claims Conference International Holocaust Documentation Archive at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. This archive consists of documentation whose reproduction and/or acquisition was made possible with funding from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.
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Record last modified: 2018-01-22 11:00:19
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn43308