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Oral history interview with Jack Schwartz

Oral History | Digitized | Accession Number: 2006.70.105 | RG Number: RG-50.583.0105

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    Oral history interview with Jack Schwartz


    Interview Summary
    Jack Schwartz, born March 5, 1929 in Nyírcsaholy, Hungary, discusses his hometown and family; attending a Greek Orthodox school; leading a traditional Jewish life; how life was hard but normal until 1944; receiving little news on wider events in Europe and not believing what he did hear about the war; moving to Budapest with his brothers in 1943; his oldest brother being taken to a labor camp; the start of the German occupation of Hungary; being given the “Yellow star” edict but being warned by a fellow villager not to go; hearing later that those who reported were taken to a ghetto; getting a new job, for which he was given money and a pass; being able to move unrestrictedly due to his pass; getting a job clearing bomb rubble in June 1944; Jack and all of his coworkers receiving a Swiss Schutzpass; the Arrow Cross takeover of the government; looting; being taken to another house where he lived in the cellar; not being able to go to work anymore, but still going out without his yellow star; everyone in his house being transported via cattle car to Bergen-Belsen; conditions and food at the camp, which worsened as the end of the war approached; the German guards; being one of 1500 prisoners who volunteered to leave the camp on April 5, 1945; being liberated by American troops on April 13 near Zelle (Celle, Germany); being looked after by American doctors in Hillersleben, Germany; being taken to Buchenwald, where he spent two weeks; journeying via train with a group of other children to Paris, France, where they had a huge welcome and was hounded by the press; deciding to remain in Paris while the other children departed for Palestine; and visiting Hungary once before immigrating to Australia.
    Jack Schwartz
    Herta Imhof
    interview:  1990 October 23
    Credit Line
    Forms part of the Claims Conference International Holocaust Documentation Archive at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. This archive consists of documentation whose reproduction and/or acquisition was made possible with funding from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.

    Physical Details

    1 sound cassette.

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    There are no known restrictions on access to this material.
    Conditions on Use
    Permission must be obtained from the University of Sydney, Archive of Australian Judaica for any type of use other than research.

    Keywords & Subjects

    Personal Name
    Schwartz, Jack, 1929-

    Administrative Notes

    The Australian Institute of Holocaust Studies conducted the interview with Jack Schwartz on October 23, 1990 for the Twelfth Hour Project. The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum received a copy of the interview in April 2006 from the State Library of New South Wales where the collection is housed.
    Record last modified:
    2023-11-16 09:03:38
    This page:

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