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Oral history interview with Helen Kalina

Oral History | Accession Number: 2006.70.82 | RG Number: RG-50.583.0082

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Helen Kalina, born January 8, 1914 in Dolina, Hungary (present-day Slovakia), discusses her childhood and family; life in Beregszasz (Berehove, Ukraine) and Prague, Czech Republic; the beginning of the Hungarian occupation; her father’s shop being confiscated; marrying in 1940; going to Budapest, Hungary to nurse her father; the start of the German occupation; returning illegally to Beregszasz; the Beregszasz ghetto; life in the ghetto; the way in which the ghetto was organized; being deported to Auschwitz; the selections; her dialogue with Mengele; living in the C. Lager; the food laced with bromide; being in contact with a neighboring camp; advice given about survival; working as a garbage supervisor; being transferred to Stutthof and then Thorn Waldlager in August 1944; digging trenches for soldiers in Thorn (Torun, Poland); the sudden dismantling of the camp in January 1945; running away from the camp; being recaptured by the SS and jailed in Koronovo (Koronowo, Poland); being liberated on January 26, 1945 by Russian soldiers; being issued a travel permit and walking home with others through Poland; returning to Beregszasz in April 1945; reuniting with her father and husband; living in Prague; planning to immigrate to Israel; and immigrating to Australia instead.

Interviewee
Helen Kalina
Date
1990 February 20  (interview)
Language
English
Extent
1 sound cassette.
Credit Line
Forms part of the Claims Conference International Holocaust Documentation Archive at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. This archive consists of documentation whose reproduction and/or acquisition was made possible with funding from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.
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Record last modified: 2018-01-22 10:57:11
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn43280