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Oral history interview with Helen Kalina

Oral History | Digitized | Accession Number: 2006.70.82 | RG Number: RG-50.583.0082

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    Oral history interview with Helen Kalina


    Interview Summary
    Helen Kalina, born January 8, 1914 in Dolina, Hungary (present-day Slovakia), discusses her childhood and family; life in Beregszasz (Berehove, Ukraine) and Prague, Czech Republic; the beginning of the Hungarian occupation; her father’s shop being confiscated; marrying in 1940; going to Budapest, Hungary to nurse her father; the start of the German occupation; returning illegally to Beregszasz; the Beregszasz ghetto; life in the ghetto; the way in which the ghetto was organized; being deported to Auschwitz; the selections; her dialogue with Mengele; living in the C. Lager; the food laced with bromide; being in contact with a neighboring camp; advice given about survival; working as a garbage supervisor; being transferred to Stutthof and then Thorn Waldlager in August 1944; digging trenches for soldiers in Thorn (Torun, Poland); the sudden dismantling of the camp in January 1945; running away from the camp; being recaptured by the SS and jailed in Koronovo (Koronowo, Poland); being liberated on January 26, 1945 by Russian soldiers; being issued a travel permit and walking home with others through Poland; returning to Beregszasz in April 1945; reuniting with her father and husband; living in Prague; planning to immigrate to Israel; and immigrating to Australia instead.
    Helen Kalina
    interview:  1990 February 20
    Credit Line
    Forms part of the Claims Conference International Holocaust Documentation Archive at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. This archive consists of documentation whose reproduction and/or acquisition was made possible with funding from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.

    Physical Details

    1 sound cassette.

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    There are no known restrictions on access to this material.
    Conditions on Use
    Permission must be obtained from the University of Sydney, Archive of Australian Judaica for any type of use other than research.

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    The Australian Institute of Holocaust Studies conducted the interview with Helen Kalina for the Twelfth Hour Project. The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum received a copy of the interview in April 2006 from the State Library of New South Wales where the collection is housed.
    Record last modified:
    2023-11-16 09:03:29
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