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Oral history interview with Ruzina Schwartz

Oral History | Accession Number: 2006.70.36 | RG Number: RG-50.583.0036

Ruzena (Rose) Schwartz, born September 6, 1924 in Stropkov, Czechoslovakia (Slovakia), discusses her background; being in the first transport of girls from her town in 1942; going in buses and then in cattle cars to Auschwitz; her work at the camp; telling people new at the camp about the gas chambers; contracting typhoid; working at the gates and seeing new transports arrive; her will to survive; the selections; being evacuated from Birkenau; marching and then being put into a wagon to Ravensbrück, then to Neustad-Glewe prison camp; the SS disappearing suddenly; being liberated; various jobs that she had in the camps; seeing Mengele in the hospital; her reasons for wanting to survive; being in the Russian zone after liberation; arriving in Prague, Czech Republic after liberation; coming back to her hometown where she had nothing left; how a family invited her to stay at their house until her papers came; marrying the son of the family; returning to Belgium and living there for six years; and immigrating to Australia in 1952.

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Schwartz, Ruzina
interview:  1989 June 17
1 sound cassette.
Credit Line
Forms part of the Claims Conference International Holocaust Documentation Archive at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. This archive consists of documentation whose reproduction and/or acquisition was made possible with funding from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.
Record last modified: 2022-07-28 20:11:16
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