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Oral history interview with Ruzina Schwartz

Oral History | Digitized | Accession Number: 2006.70.36 | RG Number: RG-50.583.0036

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    Oral history interview with Ruzina Schwartz


    Interview Summary
    Ruzena (Rose) Schwartz, born September 6, 1924 in Stropkov, Czechoslovakia (Slovakia), discusses her background; being in the first transport of girls from her town in 1942; going in buses and then in cattle cars to Auschwitz; her work at the camp; telling people new at the camp about the gas chambers; contracting typhoid; working at the gates and seeing new transports arrive; her will to survive; the selections; being evacuated from Birkenau; marching and then being put into a wagon to Ravensbrück, then to Neustad-Glewe prison camp; the SS disappearing suddenly; being liberated; various jobs that she had in the camps; seeing Mengele in the hospital; her reasons for wanting to survive; being in the Russian zone after liberation; arriving in Prague, Czech Republic after liberation; coming back to her hometown where she had nothing left; how a family invited her to stay at their house until her papers came; marrying the son of the family; returning to Belgium and living there for six years; and immigrating to Australia in 1952.
    Ruzina Schwartz
    interview:  1989 June 17
    Credit Line
    Forms part of the Claims Conference International Holocaust Documentation Archive at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. This archive consists of documentation whose reproduction and/or acquisition was made possible with funding from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.

    Physical Details

    1 sound cassette.

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    There are no known restrictions on access to this material.
    Conditions on Use
    Permission must be obtained from the University of Sydney, Archive of Australian Judaica for any type of use other than research.

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    The Australian Institute of Holocaust Studies conducted the interview with Ruzina Schwartz for the Twelfth Hour Project. The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum received a copy of the interview in April 2006 from the State Library of New South Wales where the collection is housed.
    Record last modified:
    2023-11-16 09:03:10
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