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Oral history interview with Elizabeth Goldsmith

Oral History | Accession Number: 2006.70.72 | RG Number: RG-50.583.0072

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Elizabeth Goldsmith, born July 13, 1918 in Mosonmagyarovar, Hungary, discusses growing up with Jewish parents, one of whom was baptized in 1919, but being brought up as a Presbyterian; enjoying state-sanctioned benefits as a convert to Christianity, so thought that the Holocaust would not affect them; being forced to move into a Jewish house once the Germans came; all Jewish men being called up; being called up as a Jew because she did not have at least three non-Jewish grandparents; Hungary being besieged by Germans on the West and Russians advancing in the east; the Arrow Cross taking over; being called up with her sister to be taken to a labor camp in October 1944; hoping to get exempt by her “Horthy exemption” documents, but the guards not looking at them; being marched towards the Russian border; her mother obtaining Swiss, Swedish, and Papal passports for the rest of the family, so they were able to stay in safe houses; her work digging trenches close to the Russian border; the guards hearing the approaching army; being forced to march back towards Budapest, Hungary and then towards the Austrian border; escaping when they marched through Magyarovar, Hungary, as her sister feared they were marching towards a concentration camp in Germany; receiving help and getting back to Budapest; being called up for the labor camps a second time, but being able to go when she showed her Swedish passport; moving to a Swedish safe house run by Wallenberg with her family; being rounded up and forced into the ghetto by the Arrow Cross; hearing that Eichmann planned to bomb or set fire to the ghetto but members of the Jewish community bribed the officials not to do so; life under the Russian occupation; life becoming difficult under Communism; being sent immigration documents by her brother; and immigrating to Australia.

Interviewee
Elizabeth Goldsmith
Date
1991 January 05  (interview)
Language
English
Extent
1 sound cassette.
Credit Line
Forms part of the Claims Conference International Holocaust Documentation Archive at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. This archive consists of documentation whose reproduction and/or acquisition was made possible with funding from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.
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Record last modified: 2018-01-22 10:55:39
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn43227