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Oral history interview with Elizabeth Goldsmith

Oral History | Accession Number: 2006.70.72 | RG Number: RG-50.583.0072

Elizabeth Goldsmith, born July 13, 1918 in Mosonmagyarovar, Hungary, discusses growing up with Jewish parents, one of whom was baptized in 1919, but being brought up as a Presbyterian; enjoying state-sanctioned benefits as a convert to Christianity, so thought that the Holocaust would not affect them; being forced to move into a Jewish house once the Germans came; all Jewish men being called up; being called up as a Jew because she did not have at least three non-Jewish grandparents; Hungary being besieged by Germans on the West and Russians advancing in the east; the Arrow Cross taking over; being called up with her sister to be taken to a labor camp in October 1944; hoping to get exempt by her “Horthy exemption” documents, but the guards not looking at them; being marched towards the Russian border; her mother obtaining Swiss, Swedish, and Papal passports for the rest of the family, so they were able to stay in safe houses; her work digging trenches close to the Russian border; the guards hearing the approaching army; being forced to march back towards Budapest, Hungary and then towards the Austrian border; escaping when they marched through Magyarovar, Hungary, as her sister feared they were marching towards a concentration camp in Germany; receiving help and getting back to Budapest; being called up for the labor camps a second time, but being able to go when she showed her Swedish passport; moving to a Swedish safe house run by Wallenberg with her family; being rounded up and forced into the ghetto by the Arrow Cross; hearing that Eichmann planned to bomb or set fire to the ghetto but members of the Jewish community bribed the officials not to do so; life under the Russian occupation; life becoming difficult under Communism; being sent immigration documents by her brother; and immigrating to Australia.


Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Interviewee
Elizabeth Goldsmith
Date
interview:  1991 January 05
Language
English
Extent
1 sound cassette.
Credit Line
Forms part of the Claims Conference International Holocaust Documentation Archive at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. This archive consists of documentation whose reproduction and/or acquisition was made possible with funding from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.
 
Record last modified: 2020-03-26 09:40:51
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn43227