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Oral history interview with Terezia Zvrškovcová

Oral History | Accession Number: 2011.438.47 | RG Number: RG-50.688.0047

Terezia Zvrškovcová, born in 1930 in Žilina, Slovakia, describes Žilina as a growing city; her family having eight children; a German company Slovena opening a factory there for soldier uniform material; her mother being from Moravia, Czechoslovakia, and her father being from Žilina; having Jewish classmates in a state secular elementary school and middle school; Jewish girls getting baptized to try to save themselves, converting to Christianity and going to church; deportations starting in 1942; her family having cows and she would take milk to town to sell to Jewish people at their homes; Jewish classmates having to wear badges in the form of yellow stars at school, even after they were baptized; synagogues being closed; how there were no Jewish people left in the town before the end of the war; Czech people suddenly having to move out of Slovakia; nuns hiding Jewish families in catacombs under a monastery; six of her friends being shot and buried in a mass grave; her mother becoming scared when finding out the SS were looking for her nephew Vlado and running from her house to her nephew’s house and shouting at him to run, and the SS grabbing her mother and asking where her nephew was; the nephew running to the mountains and hiding for the rest of the war; her mother not being shot; a man who worked at University of Žilina and had a father who would sit with SS soldiers, who were said to be harming people; the University man sitting with soldiers at a table in a pub and a German accusing the man of stealing his gun, so they took the man out of the pub and shot him; feeling sorry for Jewish people for their horrible humiliation and their shops being taken; Anton Sedláček, who fought for liberation of Czechoslovakia, being hanged in 1944 in a park in Žilina and his body left hanging there for a day, and the park later being named after him.

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Terezia Zvrškovcová
Eva Riečanská
interview:  2016 February 06
creation: Žilina (Slovakia)
1 digital file : MPEG-4.
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, courtesy of the Jeff and Toby Herr Foundation
Record last modified: 2021-02-16 15:53:32
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