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Oral history interview with Terezia Zvrškovcová

Oral History | Digitized | Accession Number: 2011.438.47 | RG Number: RG-50.688.0047

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    Oral history interview with Terezia Zvrškovcová


    Interview Summary
    Terezia Zvrškovcová, born in 1930 in Žilina, Slovakia, describes Žilina as a growing city; her family having eight children; a German company Slovena opening a factory there for soldier uniform material; her mother being from Moravia, Czechoslovakia, and her father being from Žilina; having Jewish classmates in a state secular elementary school and middle school; Jewish girls getting baptized to try to save themselves, converting to Christianity and going to church; deportations starting in 1942; her family having cows and she would take milk to town to sell to Jewish people at their homes; Jewish classmates having to wear badges in the form of yellow stars at school, even after they were baptized; synagogues being closed; how there were no Jewish people left in the town before the end of the war; Czech people suddenly having to move out of Slovakia; nuns hiding Jewish families in catacombs under a monastery; six of her friends being shot and buried in a mass grave; her mother becoming scared when finding out the SS were looking for her nephew Vlado and running from her house to her nephew’s house and shouting at him to run, and the SS grabbing her mother and asking where her nephew was; the nephew running to the mountains and hiding for the rest of the war; her mother not being shot; a man who worked at University of Žilina and had a father who would sit with SS soldiers, who were said to be harming people; the University man sitting with soldiers at a table in a pub and a German accusing the man of stealing his gun, so they took the man out of the pub and shot him; feeling sorry for Jewish people for their horrible humiliation and their shops being taken; Anton Sedláček, who fought for liberation of Czechoslovakia, being hanged in 1944 in a park in Žilina and his body left hanging there for a day, and the park later being named after him.
    Terezia Zvrškovcová
    Eva Riečanská
    interview:  2016 February 06
    creation: Žilina (Slovakia)
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, courtesy of the Jeff and Toby Herr Foundation

    Physical Details

    1 digital file : MPEG-4.

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    There are no known restrictions on access to this material.
    Conditions on Use
    No restrictions on use

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    This is a witness interview of the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum's Perpetrators, Collaborators, and Witnesses: The Jeff and Toby Herr Testimony Initiative, a multi-year project to record the testimonies of non-Jewish witnesses to the Holocaust. The interview was directed and supervised by Nathan Beyrak.
    Funding Note
    The production of this interview was made possible by Jeff and Toby Herr.
    The cataloging of this oral history interview has been supported by a grant from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.
    Record last modified:
    2023-11-16 09:26:54
    This page:

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