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Oral history interview with Veronika Františáková

Oral History | Accession Number: 2011.438.50 | RG Number: RG-50.688.0050

Veronika Františáková, born in 1924 in the village of Breznica in the Stropkov District in the Prešov Region of Slovakia, describes her parents dying when she was seven years old; moving in with her sister in the village of Mestisko in the Svidník District when she was 10 years old; having Jewish neighbors in Mestisko, including a family that owned a shop and had three daughters who later were taken away; moving from Mestisko to the town of Svidník to live with a teacher and work as a nanny for the teacher’s children in 1942 and 1943; Jewish families being taken from surrounding villages and brought to Svidník on farm carts to live temporarily in school classrooms before being taken away; three Jewish millers trying to pay the school headmaster to prevent Jews from being taken to concentration camps; moving to Prešov in Eastern Slovakia in 1943; after the war, coming across one of the school guards in a pub in the village of Terchová, and the guard seeing her and leaving right away; bombings in Prešov in 1944 when Russians were chasing away Germans; and being evacuated to Poprad in 1945.


Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Interviewee
Veronika Františáková
Interviewer
Eva Riečanská
Date
interview:  2016 February 07
Geography
creation: Martin (Slovakia)
Language
Slovak
Extent
1 digital file : MPEG-4.
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, courtesy of the Jeff and Toby Herr Foundation
 
Record last modified: 2021-03-22 16:21:08
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn533578