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Oral history interview with Marta Derfényiová

Oral History | Accession Number: 2011.438.36 | RG Number: RG-50.688.0036
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Marta Derfényiová, born in 1927 in Lipany, Slovakia, describes the Jews in the village she grw up in; the synagogue; the Jews she knew, including Anita Vincerová (possibly spelled Wintzerová), Fany Feldmanová, and Dr. Kop (the local Jewish physician); her mother dewing for some Jewish families; the good relations between the Jews and non-Jews; a refugee family from Germany arriving in Lipany in 1933; the deportation of girls and young women in 1942 and not knowing where they were being taken; Jews having to wear identifying badges; the segregation of her school; the aryanization of Jewish businesses; the deportation of the remaining Jews in 1944, which was assisted by non-local Hlinka Guards; witnessing the Hlinka Guards chase after Jewish youths who were trying to escape the deportation; seeing two local rabbis in 1944 without their beards and side locks and hardly recognizing them; seeing transports from Hungary pass through Lipjany in 1944; hearing about the looting of Jewish homes; and the few Jews who returned after the war, including two girls from the Mandel family and Mr. Reich (who had a timber wood warehouse).

Interviewee
Marta Derfényiová
Interviewer
Eva Riečanská
Date
2015 April 08  (interview)
Geography
creation : Prešov (Slovakia)
Language
Slovak
Extent
1 digital file : MPEG-4.
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, courtesy of the Jeff and Toby Herr Foundation
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Record last modified: 2018-08-13 12:51:12
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn607545