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Oral history interview with Marta Derfényiová

Oral History | Digitized | Accession Number: 2011.438.36 | RG Number: RG-50.688.0036

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    Oral history interview with Marta Derfényiová


    Interview Summary
    Marta Derfényiová, born in 1927 in Lipany, Slovakia, describes the Jews in the village she grw up in; the synagogue; the Jews she knew, including Anita Vincerová (possibly spelled Wintzerová), Fany Feldmanová, and Dr. Kop (the local Jewish physician); her mother dewing for some Jewish families; the good relations between the Jews and non-Jews; a refugee family from Germany arriving in Lipany in 1933; the deportation of girls and young women in 1942 and not knowing where they were being taken; Jews having to wear identifying badges; the segregation of her school; the aryanization of Jewish businesses; the deportation of the remaining Jews in 1944, which was assisted by non-local Hlinka Guards; witnessing the Hlinka Guards chase after Jewish youths who were trying to escape the deportation; seeing two local rabbis in 1944 without their beards and side locks and hardly recognizing them; seeing transports from Hungary pass through Lipjany in 1944; hearing about the looting of Jewish homes; and the few Jews who returned after the war, including two girls from the Mandel family and Mr. Reich (who had a timber wood warehouse).
    Marta Derfényiová
    Eva Riečanská
    interview:  2015 April 08
    creation: Prešov (Slovakia)
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, courtesy of the Jeff and Toby Herr Foundation

    Physical Details

    1 digital file : MPEG-4.

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    Restrictions on access. Interview is viewable onsite at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum only.
    Conditions on Use
    Restrictions on use. Restrictions may exist. Contact the Museum for further information:

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    This is a witness interview of the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum's Perpetrators, Collaborators, and Witnesses: The Jeff and Toby Herr Testimony Initiative, a multi-year project to record the testimonies of non-Jewish witnesses to the Holocaust. The interview was directed and supervised by Nathan Beyrak.
    Funding Note
    The production of this interview was made possible by Jeff and Toby Herr.
    The cataloging of this oral history interview has been supported by a grant from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.
    Record last modified:
    2023-06-07 10:18:12
    This page:

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