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Oral history interview with Martin Bálik

Oral History | Accession Number: 2011.438.48 | RG Number: RG-50.688.0048

Martin Bálik, born in 1929 in the village of Sása in the Zvolen District in the Banská Bystrica Region in central Slovakia, describes growing up in a Catholic family next to a Jewish couple who owned a pub; the Jewish couple’s baptized and converted grandson with whom Martin was friends; attending a Catholic school in Sása with a teacher who was a brother of Slovak theater director Karol L. Zachar; attending a middle school in the nearby village of Pliešovce and having Slovak composer Pavol Čády as a teacher; his father being a barber and a vice mayor of the village, and since Germans couldn’t negotiate with the mayor, who pretended to be ill, the Germans came to their house and his father sometimes cut the Germans’ hair; the Jewish couple next door being moved out of their pub to a room in the post office then taken away somewhere; Jews being shot, executed, and buried in the village of Kováčová near Zvolen, where he saw the graves in a large field.


Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Interviewee
Martin Bálik
Interviewer
Eva Riečanská
Date
interview:  2016 February 06
Geography
creation: Žilina (Slovakia)
Language
Slovak
Extent
1 digital file : MPEG-4.
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, courtesy of the Jeff and Toby Herr Foundation
 
Record last modified: 2021-03-22 16:21:07
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn533576