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Oral history interview with Martin Bálik

Oral History | Digitized | Accession Number: 2011.438.48 | RG Number: RG-50.688.0048

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    Oral history interview with Martin Bálik


    Interview Summary
    Martin Bálik, born in 1929 in the village of Sása in the Zvolen District in the Banská Bystrica Region in central Slovakia, describes growing up in a Catholic family next to a Jewish couple who owned a pub; the Jewish couple’s baptized and converted grandson with whom Martin was friends; attending a Catholic school in Sása with a teacher who was a brother of Slovak theater director Karol L. Zachar; attending a middle school in the nearby village of Pliešovce and having Slovak composer Pavol Čády as a teacher; his father being a barber and a vice mayor of the village, and since Germans couldn’t negotiate with the mayor, who pretended to be ill, the Germans came to their house and his father sometimes cut the Germans’ hair; the Jewish couple next door being moved out of their pub to a room in the post office then taken away somewhere; Jews being shot, executed, and buried in the village of Kováčová near Zvolen, where he saw the graves in a large field.
    Martin Bálik
    Eva Riečanská
    interview:  2016 February 06
    creation: Žilina (Slovakia)
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, courtesy of the Jeff and Toby Herr Foundation

    Physical Details

    1 digital file : MPEG-4.

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    There are no known restrictions on access to this material.
    Conditions on Use
    No restrictions on use

    Keywords & Subjects

    Personal Name
    Bálik, Martin, 1929-

    Administrative Notes

    This is a witness interview of the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum's Perpetrators, Collaborators, and Witnesses: The Jeff and Toby Herr Testimony Initiative, a multi-year project to record the testimonies of non-Jewish witnesses to the Holocaust. The interview was directed and supervised by Nathan Beyrak.
    Funding Note
    The production of this interview was made possible by Jeff and Toby Herr.
    The cataloging of this oral history interview has been supported by a grant from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.
    Record last modified:
    2023-11-16 09:26:55
    This page:

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