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Oral history interview with Anton Palka

Oral History | Digitized | Accession Number: 2011.438.63 | RG Number: RG-50.688.0065

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    Oral history interview with Anton Palka


    Interview Summary
    Anton Palka, born in 1928 in Kuchyňa in the Bratislava Region of western Slovakia, near the town of Malacky, describes his village having about seven Jewish families, both rich and poor; the Jewish families as working in agriculture or farming, or having businesses; one Jewish family having a general store and a nice daughter, and his memories of them being deported; another Jewish family having a textile shop and two sons; people at their neighbor’s house listening to Radio London, which was illegal at the time; the establishment of the Slovak state, leading some families to not speak with other people; in 1938, being asked along with other children to march through the village and sing Hlinka Youth songs they learned from their teacher; having Hlinka Guards in the village, with one guard confiscating Jewish property and once ordering marching youths to shout "Jews and Czechs, out!” at a Jewish family sitting outside a Jewish church; his parents being left wing and not allowing their children to join Hlinka Youth; seeing armed guards leading a Jewish family to a railway station to be deported; Hitler-Jugend coming to their village and playing a German song in front of the municipal office, and German locals joining them; and after the war, the new Czechoslovak authorities taking Hlinka Guard members to the large Red Bridge near Bratislava to make them clean the red bricks.
    Anton Palka
    Eva Riečanská
    interview:  2016 February 14
    creation: Banská Bystrica (Slovakia)
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, courtesy of the Jeff and Toby Herr Foundation

    Physical Details

    1 digital file : MPEG-4.

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    There are no known restrictions on access to this material.
    Conditions on Use
    No restrictions on use

    Keywords & Subjects

    Personal Name
    Palka, Anton, 1928-

    Administrative Notes

    This is a witness interview of the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum's Perpetrators, Collaborators, and Witnesses: The Jeff and Toby Herr Testimony Initiative, a multi-year project to record the testimonies of non-Jewish witnesses to the Holocaust. The interview was directed and supervised by Nathan Beyrak.
    Funding Note
    The production of this interview was made possible by Jeff and Toby Herr.
    The cataloging of this oral history interview has been supported by a grant from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.
    Record last modified:
    2023-11-16 09:27:01
    This page:

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