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Oral history interview with Anton Palka

Oral History | Accession Number: 2011.438.63 | RG Number: RG-50.688.0065

Anton Palka, born in 1928 in Kuchyňa in the Bratislava Region of western Slovakia, near the town of Malacky, describes his village having about seven Jewish families, both rich and poor; the Jewish families as working in agriculture or farming, or having businesses; one Jewish family having a general store and a nice daughter, and his memories of them being deported; another Jewish family having a textile shop and two sons; people at their neighbor’s house listening to Radio London, which was illegal at the time; the establishment of the Slovak state, leading some families to not speak with other people; in 1938, being asked along with other children to march through the village and sing Hlinka Youth songs they learned from their teacher; having Hlinka Guards in the village, with one guard confiscating Jewish property and once ordering marching youths to shout "Jews and Czechs, out!” at a Jewish family sitting outside a Jewish church; his parents being left wing and not allowing their children to join Hlinka Youth; seeing armed guards leading a Jewish family to a railway station to be deported; Hitler-Jugend coming to their village and playing a German song in front of the municipal office, and German locals joining them; and after the war, the new Czechoslovak authorities taking Hlinka Guard members to the large Red Bridge near Bratislava to make them clean the red bricks.


Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Interviewee
Anton Palka
Interviewer
Eva Riečanská
Date
interview:  2016 February 14
Geography
creation: Banská Bystrica (Slovakia)
Language
Slovak
Extent
1 digital file : MPEG-4.
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, courtesy of the Jeff and Toby Herr Foundation
 
Record last modified: 2021-02-16 15:53:32
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn533597