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Oral history interview with Jolana Mandzáková

Oral History | Accession Number: 2011.438.39 | RG Number: RG-50.688.0039

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Jolana Mandzáková, born in 1931 in Veľké Kapušany, Slovakia, describes the Jews who lived in Veľké Kapušany; playing with Jewish children; the two Jewish physicians in town, including Dr. Sándor who returned with his wife after the war; her Jewish friend Klári Dratler, who survived a concentration camp and returned for a while until she moved to Bohemia; the other Dratler children, including Ernö, Zoli, and Sári; not perceiving any significant differences between the Jews and non-Jews as a child; never hearing about the blood libel story; changes during the Hungarian occupation; the antisemitism exhibited by one of her teachers; the aryanization of Jewish businesses; seeing the deportation of the Jews; the looting of Jewish homes; the few Jews who returned and got their houses back, including Mr. Friedman and Mr. Spígel; and the looting of homes by Russian soldiers.

Jolana Mandzáková
Eva Riečanská
2015 April 09  (interview)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, courtesy of the Jeff and Toby Herr Foundation
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Record last modified: 2018-04-09 11:39:26
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