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Oral history interview with Anna Alžbeta Gulovichová

Oral History | Accession Number: 2011.438.58 | RG Number: RG-50.688.0058

Anna Alžbeta Gulovichová, born in 1928 in the village of Jakubany in Stará Ľubovňa District in northern Slovakia, describes her father being a Greek Catholic priest and village beacon; living in the village until 1948; going to secondary school in Stará Ľubovňa, then to a pedagogical institute in Prešov, eastern Slovakia; Jakubany being home to about five Jewish families, all of whom owned shops; having five siblings; she and her siblings being friends with Jewish children in the village and studying together in a garden; a teacher kicking her out of extra activities because she wasn’t in Hlinka Youth; after the Slovak state was established, children had to pray before and after classes; all Jewish people in Jakubany having to wear five-pointed yellow stars on their sleeves; teachers and police officers in Ruthenian villages not feeling like they could comment on the political situation; Jewish people coming from Sabinov, Liptovský Mikuláš, and Bratislava to hide in the mountains surrounding Jakubany; soldiers arriving in trucks early in the morning then going to the mountains and bringing back Jewish people on the trucks, then burning down wooden huts where the Jewish people were hiding; German Gestapo soldiers and officers sometimes coming to her village two to three times a week; Germans shooting several partisans in the village at night and her father burying them, against the wishes of the Germans.


Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Interviewee
Anna Alžbeta Gulovichová
Interviewer
Eva Riečanská
Date
interview:  2016 February 10
Geography
creation: Poprad (Slovakia)
Language
Slovak
Extent
1 digital file : MPEG-4.
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, courtesy of the Jeff and Toby Herr Foundation
 
Record last modified: 2021-02-16 15:53:32
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn533588