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Oral history interview with František Malík

Oral History | Accession Number: 2011.438.37 | RG Number: RG-50.688.0037

František Malík, born in 1926 in Šarišské Sokolovce, Slovakia, describes the one Jewish family that lived in the village: Mrs. Hana Valdová (alternative spelling, Valdmanová) who was a widow and who lived with her daughter and sister and owned a grocery store; attending his junior high school in Sabinov, Slovakia beginning in 1939; his three Jewish classmates, Rimmer, Schwarz, and Klein, and their parents’ occupations (Rimmer had a modern mill; Schwarz traded in animal skins and furs; and Klein was a butcher and the family was originally from Šarišské Michaľany); the antisemitism exhibited by his schoolmates; his memories of anti-Jewish propaganda, including antisemitic songs that were popular; seeing Hlinka Guards walk the streets in Sabinov and their role in the aryanization of Jewish businesses after the deportations of Jews; Jews having to wear stars in Sabinov, but not Šarišské Sokolovce; seeing Jews being brought to an elementary school yard in Sabinov by a truck; the public auction of Mrs. Hana Valdová’s property after she and her family were deported; and his memories of the resettling of local Romanies in 1939 after the Slovak state was established.

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
František Malík
Eva Riečanská
interview:  2015 April 09
1 digital file : MPEG-4.
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, courtesy of the Jeff and Toby Herr Foundation
Record last modified: 2023-11-16 09:26:50
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