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Oral history interview with František Malík

Oral History | Accession Number: 2011.438.37 | RG Number: RG-50.688.0037

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

František Malík, born in 1926 in Šarišské Sokolovce, Slovakia, describes the one Jewish family that lived in the village: Mrs. Hana Valdová (alternative spelling, Valdmanová) who was a widow and who lived with her daughter and sister and owned a grocery store; attending his junior high school in Sabinov, Slovakia beginning in 1939; his three Jewish classmates, Rimmer, Schwarz, and Klein, and their parents’ occupations (Rimmer had a modern mill; Schwarz traded in animal skins and furs; and Klein was a butcher and the family was originally from Šarišské Michaľany); the antisemitism exhibited by his schoolmates; his memories of anti-Jewish propaganda, including antisemitic songs that were popular; seeing Hlinka Guards walk the streets in Sabinov and their role in the aryanization of Jewish businesses after the deportations of Jews; Jews having to wear stars in Sabinov, but not Šarišské Sokolovce; seeing Jews being brought to an elementary school yard in Sabinov by a truck; the public auction of Mrs. Hana Valdová’s property after she and her family were deported; and his memories of the resettling of local Romanies in 1939 after the Slovak state was established.

Interviewee
František Malík
Interviewer
Eva Riečanská
Date
2015 April 09  (interview)
Language
Slovak
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, courtesy of the Jeff and Toby Herr Foundation
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Record last modified: 2018-04-09 11:39:18
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn607546