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Oral history interview with Rafael Szabó

Oral History | Digitized | Accession Number: 2011.438.34 | RG Number: RG-50.688.0034

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    Oral history interview with Rafael Szabó


    Interview Summary
    Rafael Szabó, born in 1923 in Smolník, Czechoslovakia (present day Slovakia), describes the prewar Jewish community of his hometown and the nationalities of other residents; his Jewish neighbors; a Jewish man who helped his father; local townspeople terrorizing the Jewish community; anti-Jewish propaganda; the anti-fascist leanings of his parents; Hlinka Guard members; the Aryanization of Jewish owned businesses; Jews going into hiding; the deportation of local Jews by Hlinka Guard members and German soldiers in 1942; the looting of Jewish owned property; joining the Hlinka party to secure work; a Jewish man who returned to Smolník after the war; and books that he wrote about his youth and life during World War II.
    Rafael Szabó
    interview:  2014 April 11
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, courtesy of the Jeff and Toby Herr Foundation

    Physical Details

    1 digital file : MPEG-4.

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    There are no known restrictions on access to this material.
    Conditions on Use
    No restrictions on use

    Keywords & Subjects

    Personal Name
    Szabó, Rafael, 1923-

    Administrative Notes

    This is a witness interview of the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum's Perpetrators, Collaborators, and Witnesses: The Jeff and Toby Herr Testimony Initiative, a multi-year project to record the testimonies of non-Jewish witnesses to the Holocaust. The interview was directed and supervised by Nathan Beyrak.
    Funding Note
    The production of this interview was made possible by Jeff and Toby Herr.
    The cataloging of this oral history interview has been supported by a grant from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.
    Record last modified:
    2023-11-16 09:26:49
    This page:

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