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Oral history interview with Ján Kušnír

Oral History | Accession Number: 2011.438.45 | RG Number: RG-50.688.0045

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Ján Kušnír, born in 1930 in Sečovce, Slovakia, describes life before the war; the good relations between Christians, Jews, and Romanies; the establishment of the Slovak state and many Czechs moving out of Sečovce; his memories of anti-Jewish sentiment beginning when it was rumored that the Jews were going to be segregated and deported; many Jews trying to flee before the deportation; his mother working as a maid for a Jewish family, the Hecht family (two of the grown children from the family managed to immigrate to the United States before the deportation); witnessing the roundups and deportations which involved the Hlinka Guards and local police; hearing about a labor camp in Čemerné, Slovakia; the aryanization of Jewish businesses before the deportations; the public auctions of Jewish property; hearing about Jews in hiding, including the Kleins who survived the war in hiding; not knowing anyone from Sečovce who came back from a death camp; and the Hlinka Youth (Hlinkova mládež) established in his school and which everyone had to join.

Interviewee
Ján Kušnír
Interviewer
Eva Riečanská
Date
2015 April 11  (interview)
Language
Slovak
Extent
1 digital file : MPEG-4.
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, courtesy of the Jeff and Toby Herr Foundation
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Record last modified: 2018-08-13 12:51:13
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn607553