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Oral history interview with Ján Kušnír

Oral History | Accession Number: 2011.438.45 | RG Number: RG-50.688.0045

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Ján Kušnír, born in 1930 in Sečovce, Slovakia, describes life before the war; the good relations between Christians, Jews, and Romanies; the establishment of the Slovak state and many Czechs moving out of Sečovce; his memories of anti-Jewish sentiment beginning when it was rumored that the Jews were going to be segregated and deported; many Jews trying to flee before the deportation; his mother working as a maid for a Jewish family, the Hecht family (two of the grown children from the family managed to immigrate to the United States before the deportation); witnessing the roundups and deportations which involved the Hlinka Guards and local police; hearing about a labor camp in Čemerné, Slovakia; the aryanization of Jewish businesses before the deportations; the public auctions of Jewish property; hearing about Jews in hiding, including the Kleins who survived the war in hiding; not knowing anyone from Sečovce who came back from a death camp; and the Hlinka Youth (Hlinkova mládež) established in his school and which everyone had to join.

Interviewee
Ján Kušnír
Interviewer
Eva Riečanská
Date
2015 April 11  (interview)
Language
Slovak
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, courtesy of the Jeff and Toby Herr Foundation
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Record last modified: 2018-04-09 11:39:49
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn607553