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Oral history interview with Dimosthenis Mouliotis

Oral History | Accession Number: 2014.530.3 | RG Number: RG-50.855.0003

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Dimosthenis Mouliotis, born in 1922 and raised in Ioannina, Central Western Greece, describes his experience as a Greek Christian during the Italian/German occupation (1941-1944); farming with his father, Kostantinos, raising livestock and cultivating corn, wheat, and tobacco; not having any Jewish friends, but getting to know Jewish business people; selling cows for beef; his memories of the Rabbi, who had a special way of slaughtering the cows; the Jews in the community, who were merchants of fabrics, house goods, groceries, meat, dairy, and other goods; how Jewish stores, which were located on Anexartisias (Independence) Street, were closed on Saturdays; the lack of distinctions between Christians and Jews; how the Jews, as well as some Christians, lived insight of the Castle and in the immediate surrounding area (Kormanio); the general belief in Ioannina that the Jews were hard working people, honest, straight forward, and minding their business; the beginning of the war and the arrival of the Germans, who left soon after; life during the Italian occupation; the German occupation, during which the Italians were treated as second class citizens, like the occupied Greeks; the cruelty of the German occupiers; the marking of Jewish house in the neighborhoods by the local Christians under the direction of the Germans and Greek police; rumors during that time; the urging of Jews to escape by the non-Jewish locals; his memories of a very cold Saturday morning when the Jews were mounted to about 50 army covered trucks, guarded by German soldiers, and transported out of the city; how after the Jews were deported, the city organized a commission to distribute the Jewish merchandise to victims of the war (injured or lost family members); his thoughts on rumors about looting; the few Jews who returned after the war (he estimates 70 out of 1,000), and how many of them immigrated to Israel or elsewhere; and his memories of the returning Jews getting their houses and stores back.

Interviewee
Dimosthenis Mouliotis
Date
2014 November 12  (interview)
Language
Greek
Extent
1 digital file : MPEG-4.
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, courtesy of the Jeff and Toby Herr Foundation
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Record last modified: 2018-04-09 11:41:01
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn184425