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Oral history interview with Kostandinos Paschaloudis

Oral History | Accession Number: 2014.530.23 | RG Number: RG-50.855.0023

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Kostandinos Paschaloudis, born in 1925 in Pylaia, Thessaloniki (Salonika), Northern Greece, describes his experience as a Greek Christian in Salonika during the German occupation (1941–1943); his father, who worked in the American Farm School from 1931 to 1939 (his father died at age 43 in 1939); his four siblings, including Chrisoula (born 1927), Christos (born 1930), Nikos (born 1934), and Apostolos (born 1938); being hired when his father died by the director of the Farm School (Carolos House) with the same salary as his father; working at the Farm School until 1941, when the Germans took over the school and turned it into a telephone center; joining the Hellenic Liberation Front (Ethniko Apeleftherotiko Metopo, EAM) and later the Communist Party; his activities with these organizations; the German behavior against the Jews; the absence of Jews in Pylaia and the antisemitism; rumors and myths about Jews; frequenting a Jewish coffee shop/dance hall in 1941 and meeting a number of young Jews; trying to recruit for the EAM and offering to help young Jews escape to the mountains; the two Jews who joined him, Nissim and Antzel, who both became very active in the Resistance movement, survived the war, and eventually went to Israel; the deaths in Thessaloniki from starvation; how money had no value and bartering was the only way to obtain goods; his work as a guidance and propaganda officer for EAM and traveling from village to village; the numerous people who collaborated with the Germans and the organizations; how in July 1942 the Germans gathered Jewish men in Platia Eleftherias (Liberty Square) and forced them to exercise under the sun from morning to dawn; all the Jews being forced to wear a yellow Star of David on their left breast, mark their stores, take down the Hebrew signs, and take Christian partners; the restriction of Jewish movements to certain neighborhoods; the Jewish militias established by the Jewish Administration to watch and restrict movements; the deportation of Jews in March 1943 by trains to concentration camps; the marches from two neighborhoods (Settlement 151 as well as Agia Triada and Mizrahi Street) to the train station; the EAM’s offers to the Jewish community to help Jews escape; and the looting of Jewish houses and stores by Christians after the deportation of the Jews.

Interviewee
Kostandinos Paschaloudis
Interviewer
Renna Molho
Date
2015 June 27  (interview)
Language
Greek
Extent
1 digital file : MPEG-4.
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, courtesy of the Jeff and Toby Herr Foundation
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Record last modified: 2018-01-22 10:46:30
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn607859