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Oral history interview with Kostandinos Paschaloudis

Oral History | Digitized | Accession Number: 2014.530.23 | RG Number: RG-50.855.0023

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    Oral history interview with Kostandinos Paschaloudis


    Interview Summary
    Kostandinos Paschaloudis, born in 1925 in Pylaia, Thessaloniki (Salonika), Northern Greece, describes his experience as a Greek Christian in Salonika during the German occupation (1941–1943); his father, who worked in the American Farm School from 1931 to 1939 (his father died at age 43 in 1939); his four siblings, including Chrisoula (born 1927), Christos (born 1930), Nikos (born 1934), and Apostolos (born 1938); being hired when his father died by the director of the Farm School (Carolos House) with the same salary as his father; working at the Farm School until 1941, when the Germans took over the school and turned it into a telephone center; joining the Hellenic Liberation Front (Ethnikon Apeleutherōtikon Metōpon, EAM) and later the Communist Party; his activities with these organizations; the German behavior against the Jews; the absence of Jews in Pylaia and the antisemitism; rumors and myths about Jews; frequenting a Jewish coffee shop/dance hall in 1941 and meeting a number of young Jews; trying to recruit for the EAM and offering to help young Jews escape to the mountains; the two Jews who joined him, Nissim and Antzel, who both became very active in the Resistance movement, survived the war, and eventually went to Israel; the deaths in Thessaloniki from starvation; how money had no value and bartering was the only way to obtain goods; his work as a guidance and propaganda officer for EAM and traveling from village to village; the numerous people who collaborated with the Germans and the organizations; how in July 1942 the Germans gathered Jewish men in Platia Eleftherias (Liberty Square) and forced them to exercise under the sun from morning to dawn; all the Jews being forced to wear a yellow Star of David on their left breast, mark their stores, take down the Hebrew signs, and take Christian partners; the restriction of Jewish movements to certain neighborhoods; the Jewish militias established by the Jewish Administration to watch and restrict movements; the deportation of Jews in March 1943 by trains to concentration camps; the marches from two neighborhoods (Settlement 151 as well as Agia Triada and Mizrahi Street) to the train station; the EAM’s offers to the Jewish community to help Jews escape; and the looting of Jewish houses and stores by Christians after the deportation of the Jews.
    Kostandinos Paschaloudis
    Renna Molho
    interview:  2015 June 27
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, courtesy of the Jeff and Toby Herr Foundation

    Physical Details

    1 digital file : MPEG-4.

    Rights & Restrictions

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    There are no known restrictions on access to this material.
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    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    This is a witness interview of the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum's Perpetrators, Collaborators, and Witnesses: The Jeff and Toby Herr Testimony Initiative, a multi-year project to record the testimonies of non-Jewish witnesses to the Holocaust. The interview was directed and supervised by Nathan Beyrak.
    Funding Note
    The production of this interview was made possible by Jeff and Toby Herr.
    The cataloging of this oral history interview has been supported by a grant from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.
    Record last modified:
    2023-11-16 09:33:41
    This page:

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