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Oral history interview with Vasilios Delidinas

Oral History | Accession Number: 2014.530.29 | RG Number: RG-50.855.0029

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Vasilios Delidinas, born June 10, 1924, in Kastoria, Western Macedonia, Greece, describes his experience as a Christian in Kastoria from 1940 to 1944; his father (Konstandinos), who was a furrier; being the youngest of his six siblings (four sisters and two brothers); living with his family in the area of Omonia Square; attending the First Elementary School, which was close to the Jewish neighborhood, and having a number of Jewish friends; his father’s numerous Jewish friends; how Jewish children attended either the Jewish Elementary School, which was in the yard of the Synagogue, or the First Elementary School; going to the synagogue a number of times and attending a Jewish burial service; his Jewish friend Mousoulas (last name); how the Jews in Kastoria were primarily fabric merchants, but some were butchers, fishermen, and flour millers (the Kalef family); Jews primarily speaking Ladino as well as heavily accented Greek; the antisemitic rumors and myths, which his family never believed; the arrival and brief stay of the Germans in Kastoria during the spring of 1941; the Italian occupation of the city until September 1943; the return of the Germans and their behavior towards Kastoria’s citizens; the Germans requesting a list of the Jews along with their addresses and financial information from the rabbi then requiring everyone to mark their houses (Christians with a cross and Jews with a Star of David); the requirement that Jews pay a monthly stipend; the confinement of the Jews by the Germans on March 3, 1944 in a large house owned by the Valala family, close to Omonia Square; the deportation of the Jews out of town in 56 military trucks; the survival of his sister’s classmate, Lina Kofinou; the looting of Jewish houses and stores; witnessing the roundup and transport of the Jews as well as the pillaging from very close proximity in Omonia Square; the escape of a few Jews to the mountains during the German occupation; and the few survivors who returned after the war.

Interviewee
Delidinas Vasilios
Interviewer
Renna Molho
Date
2015 June 29  (interview)
Language
Greek
Extent
1 digital file : MPEG-4.
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, courtesy of the Jeff and Toby Herr Foundation
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Record last modified: 2018-01-22 10:48:03
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn601957