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Oral history interview with Panagiotis Krikis

Oral History | Digitized | Accession Number: 2014.530.27 | RG Number: RG-50.855.0027

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    Oral history interview with Panagiotis Krikis

    Overview

    Interview Summary
    Panagiotis Krikis, born on April 17, 1931 in Kastoria, Western Macedonia, Greece, describes his experience as a Christian in Kastoria from 1940 to 1944; his father Athanasios, who was a prominent attorney and the legal counsel of the Jewish community; his father being elected in 1936 as a member of the Greek Parliament, under the National Republic Party of Georgios Kondylis; how the Krikis family was one of the preeminent families in Kastoria and their house was considered an intellectual center; his brother Nikos, who was a well-known criminal attorney; his other brother Rizos, who was an army cadet when WWII broke out; how Rizos and others cadets escaped to the island of Crete and captured by the Germans; Rizos later joining the Greek Communist Party and the ELLAS (Greek Popular Liberation Army) Partisans in the mountains around Kastoria; Rizos’ death in a battle with the Germans around 1943; his two sisters Angeliki and Sofia, who were teachers; growing up and becoming an attorney; attending a dinner party with his family, the Mayor (Nikidis), the regional prefect (Koritzis), the commander of the Army Garrison (Hatzianagnostis), and his chief of staff (Koritzis) the night before the Italians attacked (October 27, 1940); the bombing of their house; leaving with his family for the village of Agia, near Larissa in central Greece, where they stayed for a year; returning to Kastoria; his father’s office remaining closed; the hunger and misery during the war; his father’s death in 1943; how the Italians behaved very well and tried to help the Greeks by giving them food, while the Germans were tough and threw away their leftover food rather than giving it to the starving population; the 1100 Jews in Kastoria, who were mostly assimilated and worked as merchants; the good relations between Jews and non-Jews before the war; his family’s acquaintance with many Jews, including the “Hahami” (a Rabbi who frequented his father’s office), Leon (who had a store close to high school), Mazalto (who had a house close to his), Bohori, Tzamtzi, Kalef Eliaou, the Komfino family (who were merchants on Mitropoleos Street), Berry Nahmia (who was a friend of his sisters), and Alberto DiMaggio (who was working at his father’s office as a penman); th roundup and detainment of the Jews by the Germans and the subsequent looting of Jewish stores and homes by the people of Kastoria; the imprisonment of the Jews in a large house belonging to the Valala family, where stayed for around three days and were then transported to the concentration camps; how very few Kastoria Jews survived the camps; the escape of a few young people to the mountains with the help of the Krikis family; how only one Jewish family, the Eliaou family, has remained in Kastoria; and maintaining friendships with many of the survivors in Athens or New York.
    Interviewee
    Panagiotis Krikis
    Interviewer
    Renna Molho
    Date
    interview:  2015 June 29
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, courtesy of the Jeff and Toby Herr Foundation

    Physical Details

    Language
    Greek
    Extent
    1 digital file : MPEG-4.

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    There are no known restrictions on access to this material.
    Conditions on Use
    No restrictions on use

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    Provenance
    This is a witness interview of the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum's Perpetrators, Collaborators, and Witnesses: The Jeff and Toby Herr Testimony Initiative, a multi-year project to record the testimonies of non-Jewish witnesses to the Holocaust. The interview was directed and supervised by Nathan Beyrak.
    Funding Note
    The production of this interview was made possible by Jeff and Toby Herr.
    The cataloging of this oral history interview has been supported by a grant from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.
    Record last modified:
    2023-11-16 09:33:42
    This page:
    https:​/​/collections.ushmm.org​/search​/catalog​/irn601956

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