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Oral history interview with Panagiotis Krikis

Oral History | Accession Number: 2014.530.27 | RG Number: RG-50.855.0027

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Panagiotis Krikis, born on April 17, 1931 in Kastoria, Western Macedonia, Greece, describes his experience as a Christian in Kastoria from 1940 to 1944; his father Athanasios, who was a prominent attorney and the legal counsel of the Jewish community; his father being elected in 1936 as a member of the Greek Parliament, under the National Republic Party of Georgios Kondylis; how the Krikis family was one of the preeminent families in Kastoria and their house was considered an intellectual center; his brother Nikos, who was a well-known criminal attorney; his other brother Rizos, who was an army cadet when WWII broke out; how Rizos and others cadets escaped to the island of Crete and captured by the Germans; Rizos later joining the Greek Communist Party and the ELLAS (Greek Popular Liberation Army) Partisans in the mountains around Kastoria; Rizos’ death in a battle with the Germans around 1943; his two sisters Angeliki and Sofia, who were teachers; growing up and becoming an attorney; attending a dinner party with his family, the Mayor (Nikidis), the regional prefect (Koritzis), the commander of the Army Garrison (Hatzianagnostis), and his chief of staff (Koritzis) the night before the Italians attacked (October 27, 1940); the bombing of their house; leaving with his family for the village of Agia, near Larissa in central Greece, where they stayed for a year; returning to Kastoria; his father’s office remaining closed; the hunger and misery during the war; his father’s death in 1943; how the Italians behaved very well and tried to help the Greeks by giving them food, while the Germans were tough and threw away their leftover food rather than giving it to the starving population; the 1100 Jews in Kastoria, who were mostly assimilated and worked as merchants; the good relations between Jews and non-Jews before the war; his family’s acquaintance with many Jews, including the “Hahami” (a Rabbi who frequented his father’s office), Leon (who had a store close to high school), Mazalto (who had a house close to his), Bohori, Tzamtzi, Kalef Eliaou, the Komfino family (who were merchants on Mitropoleos Street), Berry Nahmia (who was a friend of his sisters), and Alberto DiMaggio (who was working at his father’s office as a penman); th roundup and detainment of the Jews by the Germans and the subsequent looting of Jewish stores and homes by the people of Kastoria; the imprisonment of the Jews in a large house belonging to the Valala family, where stayed for around three days and were then transported to the concentration camps; how very few Kastoria Jews survived the camps; the escape of a few young people to the mountains with the help of the Krikis family; how only one Jewish family, the Eliaou family, has remained in Kastoria; and maintaining friendships with many of the survivors in Athens or New York.

Interviewee
Panagiotis Krikis
Interviewer
Renna Molho
Date
2015 June 29  (interview)
Language
Greek
Extent
1 digital file : MPEG-4.
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, courtesy of the Jeff and Toby Herr Foundation
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Record last modified: 2018-01-22 10:47:33
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn601956