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Oral history interview with Kostandinos Kallinikidis

Oral History | Accession Number: 2014.530.32 | RG Number: RG-50.855.0032

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Konstantinos Kallinikidis, born in 1932 in Thessaloniki (Salonika), Greece describes his experience as a Greek Christian during the period of 1940 to 1945; his father, Pantelis, who was a doctor and specialized in dermatology and venereal diseases; living in a neighborhood in the intersection of Venizelou and Ioustinianou Streets, where there were also a number of Jewish families; his memories of two of their Jewish neighbors, Antzel and Saltiel; the Antzels, who had two sons (Ino and Sabby); his good friendship with Ino and attending the 7th elementary school with him; how before the Germans there were no distinctions or negative comments against the Jews, other than the Jews were speaking a different language, Ladino; Ino’s difficulty speaking Greek when he was very young; the good relations between Christians and Jews in their neighborhood and attending each other’s holidays; Christians and Jews going to the same bomb shelter at the basement of the city hall (then called “Caravan Serai”) during the war; moving with his family around 1942 to a new house on Ermou Street, where there were no Jews; Jews starting to wear yellow stars circa 1943; the arrest of Jews by the Germans; how his father sensed that something was very wrong and he was willing to help; being unable to help the Antzel family, who were arrested and taken away (Ino and Sabby did not survived, their father did); sheltering in their home the Leon family (children Niko and Inna) and the Matsas family for at least a week, until they found transportation to Athens; the Leon and Matsas families renting an apartment at a three-unit building in Ampelokipi that belonged to his maternal grandmother, Eusevia Miniadou; the Leons, who safely endured the war on the Island of Skopelos, where they were no Germans; continuing his friendship with the Leon family after the war; the Matsas family, who possibly immigrated to Israel; and the recognition of his family and being given a plaque of appreciation for their generosity.

Interviewee
Kostandinos Kallinikidis
Interviewer
Renna Molho
Date
2015 July 01  (interview)
Language
Greek
Extent
1 digital file : MPEG-4.
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, courtesy of the Jeff and Toby Herr Foundation
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Record last modified: 2018-01-22 10:48:45
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn193821