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Oral history interview with Manolis Kalligeris

Oral History | Accession Number: 2014.530.35 | RG Number: RG-50.855.0035

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Manolis Kalligeris, born December 4, 1928 in Chania, on the Greek Island of Crete, describes his experience as a Greek Christian during the German occupation (1941-1944); his family, including father, mother, and two younger sisters; living in Chania close to the Jewish neighborhood (Evraiki); their store, which was on the commercial street Bolari, close to many Jewish stores and next door to the ready-made cloths store of Constantini; his father, who had a number of Jewish customers, suppliers, and friends; remembering the names of Cohen, Minervo, Jacob (the barber from Chania), Benroubi (from Athens), and Aseos (from Salonika); the Constantini family, who sold their store and moved to Athens before the war and survived; the Cohen family and Jacob the barber perishing during the war; Minervo, who fought the Italians at the beginning of the war, returning from the front to Athens and surviving the war; not knowing the fate of the Aseos family; not having any Jewish classmates or social friends, although there were many in his school; the generally good relations between the Jews and the Christians in Chania; the fierce German bombardment of the town of Chania, though the Jewish neighborhood was not targeted; the rumor that the Greeks had put German prisoners there, and the Germans knew about it; the arrival of the Germans; the roundup of the Jews early in the morning one day in 1942 and the immediate transport of the Jews to the port of Souda, East of Chania, where they were loaded onto ships and torpedoed; the looting of the Jews’ houses and stores after the deportation and Christians occupying the Jews’ houses; the rumors that some Jews gave their jewelry to Christian friends to hold until they returned; and how many people became rich off the Jews (Manolis did not want to mentioned names, although he seems to know some).

Interviewee
Manolis Kalligeris
Interviewer
Anna Nomikou
Date
2016 March 06  (interview)
Language
Greek
Extent
1 digital file : MPEG-4.
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, courtesy of the Jeff and Toby Herr Foundation
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Record last modified: 2018-04-09 11:41:37
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn533549