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Oral history interview with Eleni Synozi Kipourou

Oral History | Accession Number: 2014.530.17 | RG Number: RG-50.855.0017

Eleni Synozi-Kipourou, born on June 1, 1927 in Thessaloniki (Salonika), Northern Greece, describes living on Theagenous Charissi Street in the area of Agia Triada; her experience as a Greek Christian before and during the German occupation; the numerous Jews living in Agia Triada; having a number of Jewish neighbors and friends; her family regularly renting the first floor of their home to Jewish families, including the Bensasson family and Madame Reveka’s family; her mother Fani, who spoke fluent Ladino; the Nahmias family (Pepos and Gilda) who were their renters during the occupation; names of Jews in their neighborhood and at her school; her father, who owned two movie theaters (the Pate and the Apollonio) and had a big house with a beautiful garden; her memories of a beautiful synagogue on Mizrahi Street; the start of the war between Greece and Italy on Monday, October 28, 1940; hiding in their basement during the bombing of the city; her family and the Nahmias family going together to the area of Halkidiki (Chalkidikē), where they stayed for about 6 months; returning to Thessaloniki and finding that the Germans were occupying the city; the Germans taking the city’s food and subsequent starvation of the people; her mother getting a false Christian ID for a young family friend, Matika, who lived with them; how her mother got the ID from Chief of Police (Mr. Moushoutis); her mother sending Matika to live with some other friends and moving her to another house after the Germans deported the Jews; Matika’s life after the war, including her immigration with her brother to Israel, her marriage (her named changed to Mati Pilo), and her visits to Eleni’s family in 1993 and 1997; the Jews of Thessaloniki giving many of their possessions to Christian friends for safekeeping; the stories of people finding Jewish belongings after the war; and the Greek collaborators who helped the Germans.

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Kipourou, Eleni
interview:  2014 November 18
1 digital file : MPEG-4.
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, courtesy of the Jeff and Toby Herr Foundation
Record last modified: 2022-07-28 19:51:56
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