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Oral history interview with Anastasios Michos

Oral History | Accession Number: 2014.530.10 | RG Number: RG-50.855.0010

Anastasios (Tasos) Michos, born in 1929 in the village of Korisos (Korēsós) in northeast Greece, describes his experience as a Greek Christian during the Italian/German occupation; his five brothers and one sister; being the youngest child; his father’s restaurant/café in Kastoria, where all the sons worked; the numerous Jewish homes and stores in the area around the café; his memories of how the Jews never sat around in the café drinking coffee, playing cards and visiting, like the other customers; flourishing fur business in Kastoria at that time; his recollections of a few Jews in Kastoria, including the town crier, the Eliaou family (who had a Singer sewing machine dealership), the Kotsos family (who were olive oil dealers and their son Mousikos who sold olives), the Mizrahi family, and the Kohen family (who had a large store in the central market and their son, Alvertos (Albert) Kohen was his classmate in high school); how life was okay during the Italian occupation; the Germans arriving in 1941 and their brutality, including the murder of 140 women and children in retaliation against the partisans; the marking of Jewish homes and stores and the Jews having to wear yellow stars; two large Jewish homes becoming the German headquarters; going to his friend’s (Alvertos Kohen) house when they had packed their clothes and were waiting to be taken away and watching as a German came into the house and led them to the nearby girls’ high school, where other Jewish families were; the detainment of the Jews in the school for 2-3 days before they were shipped by train to Thessaloniki (Salonika); how when the Jews left, their houses and stores remained empty; his memories of Mousikos Kotsos returning after the war and relating his experiences in the concentration camps; Mousikos eventually going to live in another town, Volos, in Central Greece; few Jews returning after the war; leaving Kastoria in 1947 to study agriculture at the University of Thessaloniki; not seeing any Jews at the university; and his thoughts on the use of the tombstones from the large Jewish cemetery in Thessaloniki to reclaim and expand city’s waterfront.


Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Interviewee
Anastasios Michos
Date
interview:  2014 November 15
Language
Greek
Extent
1 digital file : MPEG-4.
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, courtesy of the Jeff and Toby Herr Foundation
 
Record last modified: 2020-05-04 15:49:51
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn610311