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Oral history interview with Anastasios Michos

Oral History | Accession Number: 2014.530.10 | RG Number: RG-50.855.0010

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Anastasios (Tasos) Michos, born in 1929 in the village of Korisos (Korēsós) in northeast Greece, describes his experience as a Greek Christian during the Italian/German occupation; his five brothers and one sister; being the youngest child; his father’s restaurant/café in Kastoria, where all the sons worked; the numerous Jewish homes and stores in the area around the café; his memories of how the Jews never sat around in the café drinking coffee, playing cards and visiting, like the other customers; flourishing fur business in Kastoria at that time; his recollections of a few Jews in Kastoria, including the town crier, the Eliaou family (who had a Singer sewing machine dealership), the Kotsos family (who were olive oil dealers and their son Mousikos who sold olives), the Mizrahi family, and the Kohen family (who had a large store in the central market and their son, Alvertos (Albert) Kohen was his classmate in high school); how life was okay during the Italian occupation; the Germans arriving in 1941 and their brutality, including the murder of 140 women and children in retaliation against the partisans; the marking of Jewish homes and stores and the Jews having to wear yellow stars; two large Jewish homes becoming the German headquarters; going to his friend’s (Alvertos Kohen) house when they had packed their clothes and were waiting to be taken away and watching as a German came into the house and led them to the nearby girls’ high school, where other Jewish families were; the detainment of the Jews in the school for 2-3 days before they were shipped by train to Thessaloniki (Salonika); how when the Jews left, their houses and stores remained empty; his memories of Mousikos Kotsos returning after the war and relating his experiences in the concentration camps; Mousikos eventually going to live in another town, Volos, in Central Greece; few Jews returning after the war; leaving Kastoria in 1947 to study agriculture at the University of Thessaloniki; not seeing any Jews at the university; and his thoughts on the use of the tombstones from the large Jewish cemetery in Thessaloniki to reclaim and expand city’s waterfront.

Interviewee
Anastasios Michos
Date
2014 November 15  (interview)
Language
Greek
Extent
1 digital file : MPEG-4.
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, courtesy of the Jeff and Toby Herr Foundation
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Record last modified: 2018-04-09 11:41:26
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn610311