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Oral history interview with Panagiotis Saraferas

Oral History | Accession Number: 2014.530.28 | RG Number: RG-50.855.0028

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Panagiotis Saraferas, born in 1925 in Kastoria, Western Macedonia, Greece, describes his experience as a Christian in Kastoria from 1940 to 1944; his large family, which was comprised of seven children (five boys and two girls); his father, who was a furrier; Christians dominating the fur industry in Kastoria while the Jews tended to have various small shops; living in a neighborhood close to the synagogue with a lot of Jews; attending the Jewish school during his kindergarten year, after which he attended public Christian schools; his family’s Jewish friends, including Mousikos, Davikos, Moisis, and Palomba; the antisemitic rumors and myths told in Kastoria and the relations between Jews and Christians; the bombing of Kastoria in April 1941 and fleeing to a village with his family; returning to Kastoria; the Italian occupation until 1943 when the Germans took over; life during the German occupation; Jews being forced to wear the Star of David and mark their houses; how the leader of the Jewish community Mr. Kalef, who owned a flour watermill, was under constant pressure to give money to the Germans; their Jewish neighbor Mrs. Soltzi, who feared the Jews would be taken and killed; the round up and detainment of the Jews in the Valala house in March 1944; the deportation of the Jews from Kastoria a few days later; seeing Jewish men from the neighborhood coming back to their homes with Germans, likely to get money and valuables, and returning to Valala; the looting of Jewish homes; and how very few Jews came back from the concentration camps.

Interviewee
Panagiotis Siaraferas
Interviewer
Renna Molho
Date
2015 June 29  (interview)
Language
Greek
Extent
1 digital file : MPEG-4.
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, courtesy of the Jeff and Toby Herr Foundation
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Record last modified: 2018-01-22 10:47:49
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn601955