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Oral history interview with Panagiotis Saraferas

Oral History | Digitized | Accession Number: 2014.530.28 | RG Number: RG-50.855.0028

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    Oral history interview with Panagiotis Saraferas

    Overview

    Interview Summary
    Panagiotis Saraferas, born in 1925 in Kastoria, Western Macedonia, Greece, describes his experience as a Christian in Kastoria from 1940 to 1944; his large family, which was comprised of seven children (five boys and two girls); his father, who was a furrier; Christians dominating the fur industry in Kastoria while the Jews tended to have various small shops; living in a neighborhood close to the synagogue with a lot of Jews; attending the Jewish school during his kindergarten year, after which he attended public Christian schools; his family’s Jewish friends, including Mousikos, Davikos, Moisis, and Palomba; the antisemitic rumors and myths told in Kastoria and the relations between Jews and Christians; the bombing of Kastoria in April 1941 and fleeing to a village with his family; returning to Kastoria; the Italian occupation until 1943 when the Germans took over; life during the German occupation; Jews being forced to wear the Star of David and mark their houses; how the leader of the Jewish community Mr. Kalef, who owned a flour watermill, was under constant pressure to give money to the Germans; their Jewish neighbor Mrs. Soltzi, who feared the Jews would be taken and killed; the round up and detainment of the Jews in the Valala house in March 1944; the deportation of the Jews from Kastoria a few days later; seeing Jewish men from the neighborhood coming back to their homes with Germans, likely to get money and valuables, and returning to Valala; the looting of Jewish homes; and how very few Jews came back from the concentration camps.
    Interviewee
    Panagiotis Siaraferas
    Interviewer
    Renna Molho
    Date
    interview:  2015 June 29
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, courtesy of the Jeff and Toby Herr Foundation

    Physical Details

    Language
    Greek
    Extent
    1 digital file : MPEG-4.

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    There are no known restrictions on access to this material.
    Conditions on Use
    No restrictions on use

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    Provenance
    This is a witness interview of the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum's Perpetrators, Collaborators, and Witnesses: The Jeff and Toby Herr Testimony Initiative, a multi-year project to record the testimonies of non-Jewish witnesses to the Holocaust. The interview was directed and supervised by Nathan Beyrak.
    Funding Note
    The production of this interview was made possible by Jeff and Toby Herr.
    The cataloging of this oral history interview has been supported by a grant from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.
    Record last modified:
    2023-11-16 09:33:43
    This page:
    https:​/​/collections.ushmm.org​/search​/catalog​/irn601955

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