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Oral history interview with Antonis Doukas

Oral History | Accession Number: 2014.530.47 | RG Number: RG-50.855.0047

Antonis Doukas, born in 1931 in Thessaloniki (Salonika), Northern Greece, describes his experience as a Christian during the German occupation; his father (Spyros) and mother (Angeliki); his father’s work for Wagon-Lits International, a manufacturer and operator of restaurant and sleeping train carts; starting to work at age 10 when his father got sick, selling cigarettes, bread rolls, spices, etc, out of a small cart; making enough money to feed the family until his father became well; getting the spices and cigarettes from Jewish stores; living in a three-story house on 5 Fintiou Street beginning in 1935; their Christian and Jewish neighbors; the good relations between the people of Thessaloniki; the neighborhood in the area of Baron Hirsch Settlement, where many of poor Jews lived; attending the synagogue for Jewish holidays, weddings, and bar mitzvahs; the well-known Jewish families, including the Benmayors, Saltiels, Kounios, Molchos, and Capons; the Jewish families in their neighborhood; the German occupation during which the Germans used their neighbors’ four story house as a headquarters; not experiencing much starvation during the German occupation because of the availability of agricultural products in the area; the restrictions placed on Jews during the occupation; the roundup of Jewish men on Saturday, July 11, 1942 and the subsequent deportation; the numerous informers and collaborators in Salonika; Arch Rabbi of Salonika; the gathering of Jews in ghettos in 1943; the deportations of the Jews to concentration camps; the arrest of their Jewish neighbors; seeing Germans pillaging a neighboring Jewish house; the heavy bombardments in Salonika in September 1943; moving to another house close by; the bombing of the port and strain station by the Germans before they left in October 1944; hi life after the war; becoming a physical education teacher; working at a Jewish summer camp for 25 years from 1960 to 1985 until he retired; and writing a number of books on PE and the occupation in Salonika.


Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Interviewee
Antonis Doukas
Interviewer
Anna Nomikou
Date
interview:  2016 April 20
Language
Greek
Extent
1 digital file : MPEG-4.
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, courtesy of the Jeff and Toby Herr Foundation
 
Record last modified: 2020-05-04 14:29:48
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn538218