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Oral history interview with Rafael Abarbanel and Rachel Abarbanel

Oral History | Digitized | Accession Number: 1995.A.1272.1 | RG Number: RG-50.120.0001

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    Oral history interview with Rafael Abarbanel and Rachel Abarbanel

    Overview

    Interview Summary
    Raphael (Rudy) Abarbanel, born in 1920, discusses his family and his childhood in Pirot, Serbia; moving to Belgrade, Serbia; his religious upbringing; joining the Hashomer Hatzair youth movement; his disbelief about events in Germany; the German bombings of Belgrade; being taken from his home; his work in a forced labor group under German control and his attempts to join Communist partisans; escaping from a train in Lom, Bulgaria; joining other refugees in Sofia, Bulgaria; being caught and interned in Albania; forging documents; escaping by boat in February 1944; landing in a British camp for refugees in Bari, Italy; immigrating to Palestine; and settling in a kibbutz in Israel.
    Rachel Boyana Abarbanel, born in 1922 in Yugoslavia, discusses her family and childhood in Slavonski Brod, Croatia before the war; joining the Hashomer Hatzair youth movement; joining the communist youth movement; her disbelief about events in Germany; the April 1941 German occupation of Slavonski Brod; German officers occupying her family’s home; wearing the yellow star of David; forced labor; escaping to Pirot, Serbia; living in semi-hiding in Sofia, Bulgaria; attempting to connect with the partisan movement in the mountains; escaping to the Albanian border; being caught and interned by Albanian police; life in Albanian internment camp; escaping by boat to a British camp in Bari, Italy; and immigrating to Palestine.
    Interviewee
    Rachel B. Abarbanel
    Rafael R. Abarbanel
    Date
    interview:  1992 January 30
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection

    Physical Details

    Language
    Hebrew
    Genre/Form
    Oral histories.
    Extent
    4 videocassettes (U-Matic) : sound, color ; 3/4 in..

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    There are no known restrictions on access to this material.
    Conditions on Use
    No restrictions on use

    Keywords & Subjects

    Corporate Name
    World Hashomer Hatzair

    Administrative Notes

    Provenance
    Nathan Beyrak conducted the interview with Rudy and Boyana Abarbanel in Israel on January 30, 1992, for the Israel Documentation Project. The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Archives received the tapes of the interview by transfer from the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Oral History Dept. in February 1995.
    Funding Note
    The cataloging of this oral history interview has been supported by a grant from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.
    Record last modified:
    2023-11-16 08:14:25
    This page:
    https:​/​/collections.ushmm.org​/search​/catalog​/irn502576

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