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Oral history interview with Rafael Abarbanel and Rachel Abarbanel

Oral History | Accession Number: 1995.A.1272.1 | RG Number: RG-50.120.0001

Raphael (Rudy) Abarbanel, born in 1920, discusses his family and his childhood in Pirot, Serbia; moving to Belgrade, Serbia; his religious upbringing; joining the Hashomer Hatzair youth movement; his disbelief about events in Germany; the German bombings of Belgrade; being taken from his home; his work in a forced labor group under German control and his attempts to join Communist partisans; escaping from a train in Lom, Bulgaria; joining other refugees in Sofia, Bulgaria; being caught and interned in Albania; forging documents; escaping by boat in February 1944; landing in a British camp for refugees in Bari, Italy; immigrating to Palestine; and settling in a kibbutz in Israel.
Rachel Boyana Abarbanel, born in 1922 in Yugoslavia, discusses her family and childhood in Slavonski Brod, Croatia before the war; joining the Hashomer Hatzair youth movement; joining the communist youth movement; her disbelief about events in Germany; the April 1941 German occupation of Slavonski Brod; German officers occupying her family’s home; wearing the yellow star of David; forced labor; escaping to Pirot, Serbia; living in semi-hiding in Sofia, Bulgaria; attempting to connect with the partisan movement in the mountains; escaping to the Albanian border; being caught and interned by Albanian police; life in Albanian internment camp; escaping by boat to a British camp in Bari, Italy; and immigrating to Palestine.

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Abarbanel, Rachel Boyana
Abarbanel, Rafael Rudy
interview:  1992 January 30
Oral histories.
4 videocassettes (U-Matic) : sound, color ; 3/4 in..
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection
Record last modified: 2022-06-24 20:18:50
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