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Oral history interview with Elieyzer Zilber

Oral History | Digitized | Accession Number: 1995.A.1272.179 | RG Number: RG-50.120.0179

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    Oral history interview with Elieyzer Zilber


    Interview Summary
    Elieyzer Zilber, born in Kaunas, Lithuania, March 2, 1925, discusses his early family life; joining the underground movement in pre-Soviet Lithuania; the German invasion of Lithuania; the rise of the nationalists; mass killings of Lithuanian Jews; establishment of Kaunas ghetto; the Judenrat in Kaunas; a major action on October 28, 1941 and the murder of people the next day at the 9th Fort; the underground anti-fascist organization; partisan activity; the cooperation between ghetto underground and partisans; being smuggled from the ghetto to reach partisans; what happened to ghetto inhabitants; Yiddish culture in Vilnius; being in Haim David Ratner’s partisan unit; partisan missions; liberation by the Soviets; his job in the Central Archives of Lithuania after liberation; what happened to his family; and his postwar marriage.
    During the interview Mr. Zilber shows pictures of various ghetto resistance leaders.
    Elieyzer Zilber
    interview:  1993 November 23
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection

    Physical Details

    4 videocassettes (U-Matic) : sound, color ; 3/4 in..

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    There are no known restrictions on access to this material.
    Conditions on Use
    No restrictions on use

    Keywords & Subjects

    Topical Term
    Anti-fascist movements--Lithuania. Communists--Lithuania. Devintasis fortas Massacre, Kaunas, Lithuania, 1941 (October 29) Devintasis fortas Massacres, Kaunas, Lithuania, 1941-1944. Escapes. Great Action, Kaunas, Lithuania, 1941. Holocaust survivors--Israel--Interviews. Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)--Personal narratives. Jewish councils--Lithuania--Kaunas. Jewish ghettos--Lithuania--Kaunas. Jewish partisans (Holocaust) Jewish refugees. Jewish youth--Lithuania--Kaunas. Jews--Lithuania--Kaunas. Jews--Persecutions--Lithuania. Kauno IV fortas Massacres, Kaunas, Lithuania, 1941. Mass murder--Lithuania. Shooting (Execution)--Lithuania. World War, 1939-1945--Concentration camps--Liberation. World War, 1939-1945--Jewish resistance--Lithuania. World War, 1939-1945--Underground movements--Lithuania. Men--Personal narratives. Resistance groups (ushmm)

    Administrative Notes

    Nathan Beyrak conducted the interview with Eliezer Zilber in Israel on November 23, 1993, for the Israel Documentation Project. The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Archives received the tapes of the interview by transfer from the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Oral History Dept. in February 1995.
    Funding Note
    The cataloging of this oral history interview has been supported by a grant from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.
    Record last modified:
    2023-11-16 08:15:23
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