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Oral history interview with Elimelech Shklar

Oral History | Accession Number: 1995.A.1272.143 | RG Number: RG-50.120.0143

Elimelech Shklar, born in 1919 in Zuromin, Poland (a village northwest of Warsaw), discusses his Hebrew classes in school; attending public school; the beginning of the attacks against Jews due to the death of Pilsusky in 1935; antisemitic attacks in his college work; planes dropping leaflets to Jews promising them a "new" year in September 1939; the bombing of a Jewish meeting point in the center of Warsaw on Yom Kippur; the forced labor of the local Jews and burning of the synagogue; his deportation on a train to Nowy Dwor (Novi Dvor; Novyy Dvor), Belarus, and ending up in the ghetto of Mlawa, Poland; hearing news about the Warsaw uprising and the conditions there; being deported in a regular passenger train via Czestochowa, Poland to Auschwitz; being sent to Birkenau; attempting to escape and buying a gun for protection; the experimentation done on Jewish women in the camp; the death march from Birkenau on January 18, 1945; being liberated and traveling in the Soviet zone toward Berlin, Germany; his plans to immigrate to Israel via France; and adapting to life in Israel.

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Shklar, Elimelekh
interview:  1991 May 07
8 videocassettes (U-Matic) : sound, color ; 3/4 in..
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection
Record last modified: 2022-07-28 19:53:20
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