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Oral history interview with Elimelech Shklar

Oral History | Digitized | Accession Number: 1995.A.1272.143 | RG Number: RG-50.120.0143

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    Oral history interview with Elimelech Shklar


    Interview Summary
    Elimelech Shklar, born in 1919 in Zuromin, Poland (a village northwest of Warsaw), discusses his Hebrew classes in school; attending public school; the beginning of the attacks against Jews due to the death of Pilsusky in 1935; antisemitic attacks in his college work; planes dropping leaflets to Jews promising them a "new" year in September 1939; the bombing of a Jewish meeting point in the center of Warsaw on Yom Kippur; the forced labor of the local Jews and burning of the synagogue; his deportation on a train to Nowy Dwor (Novi Dvor; Novyy Dvor), Belarus, and ending up in the ghetto of Mlawa, Poland; hearing news about the Warsaw uprising and the conditions there; being deported in a regular passenger train via Czestochowa, Poland to Auschwitz; being sent to Birkenau; attempting to escape and buying a gun for protection; the experimentation done on Jewish women in the camp; the death march from Birkenau on January 18, 1945; being liberated and traveling in the Soviet zone toward Berlin, Germany; his plans to immigrate to Israel via France; and adapting to life in Israel.
    Elimelekh Shklar
    interview:  1991 May 07
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection

    Physical Details

    8 videocassettes (U-Matic) : sound, color ; 3/4 in..

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    There are no known restrictions on access to this material.
    Conditions on Use
    No restrictions on use

    Keywords & Subjects

    Personal Name
    Shklar, Elimelekh, 1919-

    Administrative Notes

    Nathan Beyrak conducted the interview with Elimelech Shklar in Israel on May 7, 1991, for the Israel Documentation Project. The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Archives received the tapes of the interview by transfer from the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Oral History Dept. in February 1995.
    Funding Note
    The cataloging of this oral history interview has been supported by a grant from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.
    Record last modified:
    2023-11-16 08:15:12
    This page:

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