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Oral history interview with Samuel Willenberg

Oral History | Accession Number: 1995.A.1272.204 | RG Number: RG-50.120.0204
Image

Samuel Willenberg (né Shmuel Vilenberg), born in 1923, in Czestochowa, Poland, discusses moving with his family to Radość, Warsaw, Poland in 1939; joining soldier groups going east to defend Kovel', Ukraine, against attacking Russians; being wounded in the back; escape with his family to Opatow, Poland, where they remained until January 1942, even after the establishment of the ghetto; his mother obtaining non-Jewish identification certificates to ease restrictions; his father painting for food; his two sisters being taken by the police; being sent to work in a metal factory in 1942; the train ride and arrival in Treblinka; the working conditions, the Jewish Capos, the Vorarbeiters in charge, and the German officers’ dog; the camp’s hospital; sorting clothing and bribing Ukrainian guards with the items he found; how the Jan 9th transport brought a violinist, Gold, which led to establishing an orchestra to amuse the Germans; conditions during an important person’s visit; his escape from Treblinka with 30 inmates and three stolen guns; his search for his parents; contact with the Polish underground; being involved with the beginning of the Warsaw Uprising; work and experiences with a brigade of the Polska Armia Ludowa (Polish National Army); conditions in the forest from 1944 to 1945; serving as an officer in the Polish Army from 1945 to 1946; joining a Zionist group in Lodz, Poland; his marriage; immigrating to Israel in 1950; and his adjustment to life in Israel.

Interviewee
Samuel Willenberg
Interviewer
Nathan Beyrak
Language
Hebrew
Extent
8 digital files : MPEG-4.
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection
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Record last modified: 2018-03-14 09:16:04
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn502969