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Oral history interview with Shlomo Wolkowitz

Oral History | Digitized | Accession Number: 1995.A.1272.170 | RG Number: RG-50.120.0170

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    Oral history interview with Shlomo Wolkowitz


    Interview Summary
    Shlomo Wolkowitz, born in 1922 in Jagielnica, Tarnopol district, Galicia, Poland (now IAhil'nytsia, Ukraine), describes his family; studying in L'viv, Ukraine; the German invasion; prohibitions and life during that time; the Russians fleeing and the heavy bombing in L'viv in 1941; going to Zolochiv, Ukraine; avoiding a roundup with his uncle; being caught and sent to a former fortress with other Jews, where they were made to remove the bodies of executed Ukrainians and bury them; surviving the subsequent massacre of Jewish forced laborers; staying with his uncle in Zolochiv; moving to Voroniaky, Ukraine; living with a Polish family; making a fake ID; working on a farm; returning to Jagielnica; being detained and tortured by Ukrainian police; his escape from prison and return home; the Judenrat in Jagielnica; a German officer, Ludwig Zemrod, taking over his father’s tobacco factory; an Action in the summer of 1942; a work camp being established nearby; working for Zemrod at the factory; buying a gun; the liquidation of the work camp and hiding in the sewer; escaping to the forest; his friendship with Zemrod; his feelings at the time of liberation; being put in charge of a large metal factory in Chortkev, Ukraine; producing replacement parts for the vehicles used by the Russian army in the southern front; going to Kraków, Poland; living in the displace persons (DP) camp in Steyr, Austria; being transferred to DP camp Braunau, Austria; moving to Salzburg, Austria; immigrating to Israel; working for three years as a representative of an Israeli company in Germany; his encounter with the Zemrod family after the war and getting Yad Vashem to honor them as Righteous Gentiles; testifying against S.S. war criminals; and his relations with Germans and Israelis.
    Shlomo Wolkowitz
    interview:  1991 June 24
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection

    Physical Details

    9 videocassettes (U-Matic) : sound, color ; 3/4 in..

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    Restrictions on access. Interview is viewable onsite at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum only.
    Conditions on Use
    Restrictions on use. Interview cannot be used in publication without the consent of the interviewee or his/her heirs.

    Keywords & Subjects

    Personal Name
    Wolkowitz, Shlomo, 1922-

    Administrative Notes

    Nathan Beyrak conducted the interview with Shlomo Wolkowitz in Israel on June 24, 1991, for the Israel Documentation Project. The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Archives received the tapes of the interview by transfer from the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Oral History Dept. in February 1995.
    Funding Note
    The cataloging of this oral history interview has been supported by a grant from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.
    Record last modified:
    2023-08-23 13:46:48
    This page:

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