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Oral history interview with Shlomo Wolkowitz

Oral History | Accession Number: 1995.A.1272.170 | RG Number: RG-50.120.0170
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Shlomo Wolkowitz, born in 1922 in Jagielnica, Tarnopol district, Galicia, Poland (now IAhil'nytsia, Ukraine), describes his family; studying in L'viv, Ukraine; the German invasion; prohibitions and life during that time; the Russians fleeing and the heavy bombing in L'viv in 1941; going to Zolochiv, Ukraine; avoiding a roundup with his uncle; being caught and sent to a former fortress with other Jews, where they were made to remove the bodies of executed Ukrainians and bury them; surviving the subsequent massacre of Jewish forced laborers; staying with his uncle in Zolochiv; moving to Voroniaky, Ukraine; living with a Polish family; making a fake ID; working on a farm; returning to Jagielnica; being detained and tortured by Ukrainian police; his escape from prison and return home; the Judenrat in Jagielnica; a German officer, Ludwig Zemrod, taking over his father’s tobacco factory; an Action in the summer of 1942; a work camp being established nearby; working for Zemrod at the factory; buying a gun; the liquidation of the work camp and hiding in the sewer; escaping to the forest; his friendship with Zemrod; his feelings at the time of liberation; being put in charge of a large metal factory in Chortkev, Ukraine; producing replacement parts for the vehicles used by the Russian army in the southern front; going to Kraków, Poland; living in the displace persons (DP) camp in Steyr, Austria; being transferred to DP camp Braunau, Austria; moving to Salzburg, Austria; immigrating to Israel; working for three years as a representative of an Israeli company in Germany; his encounter with the Zemrod family after the war and getting Yad Vashem to honor them as Righteous Gentiles; testifying against S.S. war criminals; and his relations with Germans and Israelis.

Interviewee
Shlomo Wolkowitz
Date
1991 June 24  (interview)
Language
Hebrew
Extent
9 videocassettes (U-Matic) : sound, color ; 3/4 in..
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection
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Record last modified: 2018-03-14 09:16:04
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn502906