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Oral history interview with Paulina Bergman

Oral History | Digitized | Accession Number: 1995.A.1272.12 | RG Number: RG-50.120.0012

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    Oral history interview with Paulina Bergman


    Interview Summary
    Paulina Bergman, born in Gorlice, Poland, recounts her family's orthodoxy; her father's service in World War I; attending Beit Yakov, public school, then gymnasium; summer vacations at her aunt's house in Nowy Sacz; participating in Noʻar ha-Tsiyoni; arrest by Polish police for Zionist activity; attending university in Kraków, Poland; a trip to Italy with her boyfriend; vacationing in Zakopane, Poland; working for the Red Cross; the German invasion; relocating to her father's village; fleeing east; German bombardment; traveling to Skelevka (Felsztyn), Ukraine; reunion with her boyfriend in Sambir, Ukraine; traveling with him to Zabolotiv, Ukraine; obtaining false papers as non-Jews; moving to several villages, including Zagoździe, Poland and Kolomyia, Ukraine; living as non-Jews in Tarnów; assistance from the Judenrat; hiding in a bunker; entering the Tarnów ghetto; forced factory labor; escaping with a friend's child to Kraków; obtaining papers as Polish guest workers through the underground; traveling to Vienna, Austria then Semmering, Austria; working in Hermagor, Austria; sabotaging farm production; assisting prisoners of war; sexual harassment by the farm's owner; transfer to another farm; working at the train station in Villach, Austria; assisting Yugoslav partisans; working in a clinic; smuggling medicine to partisans; liberation by British troops; traveling to Arnoldstein, Tarviso, then Udine, with assistance from a British officer; locating the Jewish Brigade in Bologna, Italy; traveling to Rome; reunion with a cousin; traveling to Venice, then Rome; assistance from the Joint; immigrating to Palestine via Marseille; her incarceration in ʻAtlit; escaping; learning her future husband was alive; joining him in Munich; and visiting Gorlice and Warsaw.
    Paulina Bergman
    interview:  1993 April 30
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection

    Physical Details

    5 videocassettes (U-Matic) : sound, color ; 3/4 in..

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    There are no known restrictions on access to this material.
    Conditions on Use
    No restrictions on use

    Keywords & Subjects

    Personal Name
    Bergman, Paulina.

    Administrative Notes

    Nathan Beyrak conducted the interview with Paulina Bergman in Israel on April 30, 1993, for the Israel Documentation Project. The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Archives received the tapes of the interview by transfer from the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Oral History Dept. in February1995.
    Funding Note
    The cataloging of this oral history interview has been supported by a grant from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.
    Record last modified:
    2023-11-16 08:14:28
    This page:

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