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Oral history interview with Paulina Bergman

Oral History | Accession Number: 1995.A.1272.12 | RG Number: RG-50.120.0012

Paulina Bergman, born in Gorlice, Poland, recounts her family's orthodoxy; her father's service in World War I; attending Beit Yakov, public school, then gymnasium; summer vacations at her aunt's house in Nowy Sacz; participating in Noʻar ha-Tsiyoni; arrest by Polish police for Zionist activity; attending university in Kraków, Poland; a trip to Italy with her boyfriend; vacationing in Zakopane, Poland; working for the Red Cross; the German invasion; relocating to her father's village; fleeing east; German bombardment; traveling to Skelevka (Felsztyn), Ukraine; reunion with her boyfriend in Sambir, Ukraine; traveling with him to Zabolotiv, Ukraine; obtaining false papers as non-Jews; moving to several villages, including Zagoździe, Poland and Kolomyia, Ukraine; living as non-Jews in Tarnów; assistance from the Judenrat; hiding in a bunker; entering the Tarnów ghetto; forced factory labor; escaping with a friend's child to Kraków; obtaining papers as Polish guest workers through the underground; traveling to Vienna, Austria then Semmering, Austria; working in Hermagor, Austria; sabotaging farm production; assisting prisoners of war; sexual harassment by the farm's owner; transfer to another farm; working at the train station in Villach, Austria; assisting Yugoslav partisans; working in a clinic; smuggling medicine to partisans; liberation by British troops; traveling to Arnoldstein, Tarviso, then Udine, with assistance from a British officer; locating the Jewish Brigade in Bologna, Italy; traveling to Rome; reunion with a cousin; traveling to Venice, then Rome; assistance from the Joint; immigrating to Palestine via Marseille; her incarceration in ʻAtlit; escaping; learning her future husband was alive; joining him in Munich; and visiting Gorlice and Warsaw.

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Bergman, Paulina
interview:  1993 April 30
5 videocassettes (U-Matic) : sound, color ; 3/4 in..
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection
Record last modified: 2022-07-28 19:51:45
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