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Oral history interview with Marko Menachem

Oral History | Digitized | Accession Number: 1995.A.1272.195 | RG Number: RG-50.120.0195

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    Oral history interview with Marko Menachem


    Interview Summary
    Marko Menachem, born in Skopje, Yugoslavia (Macedonia) in 1920, discusses his family life; visiting relatives in Istanbul; his mother's sister and her father emigrating from Istanbul to live with them; attending synagogue daily with his grandfather; his mother's death when he was eight; participating in Hashomer Hatzair; attending university in Belgrade, Serbia in 1938; the arrival of the Germans; establishment of anti-Jewish orders; doing forced labor clearing bombing rubble; a Jew, whose entire family had been killed, volunteering for a suicide task to save the group; escaping to his family in Skopje and hiding in the attic and basement of his father's home; his sister's friend providing him with a Bulgarian passport and a job in Cërrik, Albania; enrolling in university in Sofia, Bulgaria; the deportation of foreign Jews in March 1943; returning to Skopje; being rounded-up with his family the next day; his father helping him to escape (his family were all deported); illegally traveling to Tirana, Albania; being arrested and being saved from imprisonment; working for an Albanian who promised him protection; being arrested with his employer for helping his employer's uncle, an official in the German administration; his imprisonment for four years; working as a translator in prison, then as a textbook translator and university lecturer after his release; his marriage and his three daughters; immigrating to Israel in 1991; and he and his employer being proclaimed Albanian heroes in 1993.
    Marko Menachem
    interview:  1994 February 10
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection

    Physical Details

    2 videocassettes (VHS) : sound, color ; 1/2 in..

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    There are no known restrictions on access to this material.
    Conditions on Use
    No restrictions on use

    Keywords & Subjects

    Personal Name
    Menachem, Marko, 1920-
    Corporate Name
    World Hashomer Hatzair

    Administrative Notes

    The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Archives received the tapes of the interview on March 1, 1995, as an accretion to the original collection of Israel Documentation Project interviews received by transfer in February 1995.
    Funding Note
    The cataloging of this oral history interview has been supported by a grant from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.
    Record last modified:
    2023-11-16 08:15:28
    This page:

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