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Oral history interview with Marko Menachem

Oral History | Accession Number: 1995.A.1272.195 | RG Number: RG-50.120.0195

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Marko Menachem, born in Skopje, Yugoslavia (Macedonia) in 1920, discusses his family life; visiting relatives in Istanbul; his mother's sister and her father emigrating from Istanbul to live with them; attending synagogue daily with his grandfather; his mother's death when he was eight; participating in Hashomer Hatzair; attending university in Belgrade, Serbia in 1938; the arrival of the Germans; establishment of anti-Jewish orders; doing forced labor clearing bombing rubble; a Jew, whose entire family had been killed, volunteering for a suicide task to save the group; escaping to his family in Skopje and hiding in the attic and basement of his father's home; his sister's friend providing him with a Bulgarian passport and a job in Cërrik, Albania; enrolling in university in Sofia, Bulgaria; the deportation of foreign Jews in March 1943; returning to Skopje; being rounded-up with his family the next day; his father helping him to escape (his family were all deported); illegally traveling to Tirana, Albania; being arrested and being saved from imprisonment; working for an Albanian who promised him protection; being arrested with his employer for helping his employer's uncle, an official in the German administration; his imprisonment for four years; working as a translator in prison, then as a textbook translator and university lecturer after his release; his marriage and his three daughters; immigrating to Israel in 1991; and he and his employer being proclaimed Albanian heroes in 1993.

Interviewee
Marko Menachem
Date
1994 February 10  (interview)
Language
Macedonian
Extent
2 videocassettes (VHS) : sound, color ; 1/2 in..
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection
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Record last modified: 2018-03-14 09:15:37
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn502957