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Oral history interview with Baruch Hod

Oral History | Accession Number: 1995.A.1272.68 | RG Number: RG-50.120.0068

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Baruch Hod (né Baruch Van Der Hoeden), born 1924 in Utrecht, Netherlands, discusses his Zionist upbringing; his happy childhood; his father's secularism and Zionism; attending public school; the cordial relations between Jews and non-Jews; his mother's illness; his father's military draft in 1940; the May 1940 invasion of Holland by Germany; the lack of measures and antisemitism against Jews in Holland prewar; the 1941 restrictions; rationing food; wearing the yellow badge starting in 1942; Jewish schools starting; the deportation of the Jewish community; the knowledge of the existence of concentration camps since 1939; the Westerburg camp in Holland; the local non-Jewish community’s solidarity with their Jewish neighbors; the removal of property; obtaining false papers from the underground and hiding in Holland; the underground movement and his participation starting fall 1943; hiding with non-Jews in several locations, including an impoverished farm in Almelo for six months; briefly staying with his older sister, a nurse who lived as non-Jew; his last visit with his mother (she died in a sanatorium); moving to a farm in Lunteren in fall 1943; his capture by Nazis and torture; his escape and the underground movement finding him a safe place; the invasion of south Holland; the liberation by the Canadians, Americans, and British; reunion with family; the psychological effects of the war; joining the Zionist movement; locating hidden Jewish orphans; helping smuggle Jews and weapons to Palestine; meeting his future wife at a Hechalutz orphanage; immigrating to Israel in 1948 and healing from the war; his career as an educator; and attending a reunion of his underground unit in Holland in the 1970s.

Interviewee
Baruch Hod
Date
1993 June 28  (interview)
Language
Hebrew
Extent
8 videocassettes (U-Matic) : sound, color ; 3/4 in..
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection
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Record last modified: 2018-07-11 15:48:39
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn502724