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Oral history interview with Jaques Strumza

Oral History | Digitized | Accession Number: 1995.A.1272.154 | RG Number: RG-50.120.0154

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    Oral history interview with Jaques Strumza


    Interview Summary
    Jacques (Ya'akov) Strumza, born in 1913, in Saloniki (Thessaloniki), Greece, describes his family; studying electrical engineering in Paris, France; the cultural life in Saloniki; being a violinist in an orchestra; joining the Greek Army and playing in the army band; relations between Jewish and non-Jewish populations in Saloniki; the introduction of the Nuremberg laws in Saloniki in July 1942; the SS closing the Baron von Hirsch quarter and making it into a ghetto in 1943; going on a transport train in April 1943, and arriving in Birkenau; being recruited as a violinist; being transported to Auschwitz as an engineer; working as an engineer in Messerschmitt air plane factory for six months; antisemitism from other inmates; camp life, the underground in the camp, and the revolt and the crematorium explosion; being accused of attempting an escape; the January 1945 death march to Buchenwald and Mauthausen; leaving Mauthausen with the advance of the French Army and being taken to Gusen; Gusen in detail; being liberated by the American Army in May after two weeks; not wanting to return to Greece; being sent to Nice, France, to recuperate; and later going to Palestine.
    Jaques Strumza
    interview:  1991 March 28
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection

    Physical Details

    6 videocassettes (U-Matic) : sound, color ; 3/4 in..

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    There are no known restrictions on access to this material.
    Conditions on Use
    No restrictions on use

    Keywords & Subjects

    Personal Name
    Strumza, Jaques, 1913-

    Administrative Notes

    Nathan Beyrak conducted the interview with Jaques Strumza in Israel on March 28, 1991, for the Israel Documentation Project. The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Archives received the tapes of the interview by transfer from the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Oral History Dept. in February 1995.
    Funding Note
    The cataloging of this oral history interview has been supported by a grant from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.
    Record last modified:
    2023-11-16 08:15:15
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