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Oral history interview with Eili Ofner and Francis Ofner

Oral History | Accession Number: 1995.A.1272.115 | RG Number: RG-50.120.0115

Francis Ofner, born in Novi Sad, Yugoslavia (now Serbia), describes being raised by his grandparents in Schimanovski; his memories of World War I; his university studies in the 1930s; joining Zionist student organizations; studying law in Zagreb, Croatia; founding a revisionist group in Zagreb, which gave paramilitary training; developing the organization called Beitar all over Yugoslavia; the debate between Jabotinski and Weitzmann; Beitar's plans to kill Hermann Goering when he came to Zagreb, but he did not come; the head of the Joint, Spietzer, and how they bribed officials to give permits to refugees to go to Sabac, Serbia; establishing escape routes for refugees; his work in intelligence and his contact with Yugoslavian Intelligence; Germany entering Yugoslavia March 27, 1941; escaping with his wife to Budapest, Hungary, where he managed to get a visa to Turkey; the massacre of Jews and Serbs in Novi Sad; his meetings with Kalman Iure, Immanuel Springman, and Yoel Brand; their rescue work and illegal immigration activities in Turkey; being assigned to monitor radio transmissions; propaganda in occupied countries; and his various activities in Turkey during the war.
Eilie Ofner, born in 1915, discusses her early life in a philanthropic Zionist family; her music studies; her life in Novi Sad, Yugoslavia after the German invasion and the massacre of Jews and Serbians in Novi Sad; meeting her husband and working to help refugees; Schimon Brod, a Turkish citizen and his help in rescue efforts; and the rescue of Romanian Jews.

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Eili Ofner
Nathan Beyrak
interview:  1992 March 01
8 videocassettes (U-Matic) : sound, color ; 3/4 in..
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection
Record last modified: 2023-08-24 14:06:17
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