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Oral history interview with Shmuel Tzuk

Oral History | Accession Number: 1995.A.1272.225 | RG Number: RG-50.120.0225

Shmuel Tzuk (né Shmuel Zuckerbrot), born on May 14, 1928, in Kraków, Poland, discusses his childhood years; the rabbi from Bels who told his community not to leave; experiencing antisemitism from Polish children; the beginning of the war and the bombardment of the city; escaping to a village near Kraków; working in an air field at the end of 1940; entering the Kraków ghetto in the summer of 1942; friends, the newspaper, and life in the ghetto; hiding during an 'Action'; knowledge of death transports at the end of 1942; being sent to Płaszów in December 1942 and the cruelty of Goeth; being taken in trucks to a camp in Chebinya (Trzebinia), Poland, in March 1943; being sent to Auschwitz-Birkenau in November 1943; the overcrowding, abuse from Kapos, and forced singing in Birkenau; human relations in the camp and suicides; being taken to Fuerstengrube where he worked in coal mines; being sick in the hospital; Polish partisans who were caught building escape route and hanged; a death march; train ride to camp Dora Nordhausen during which the majority of prisoners died; conditions at the camp and work on the underground missile factory; the camp population and being with the children group; a second death march and train ride to Bergen-Belsen; liberation by the British on April 15, 1945; the revenge taken by inmates on Kapos; going to the forest and joining a group of Poles; life in Celle, Germany; traveling back to Poland; reuniting with his parents and sister; life in the displaced persons camp Landsberg and the ORT school; working as a driver in the refugee camp; his immigration to Israel in 1948; Israeli attitudes towards survivors; and visiting Poland in 1989 and telling his children his story.

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Shmuel Tzuk
interview:  1995 October 27
7 videocassettes (U-Matic) : sound, color ; 3/4 in..
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection
Record last modified: 2020-03-26 09:28:55
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