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Oral history interview with Leonid Berenshtein

Oral History | Accession Number: 1995.A.1272.237 | RG Number: RG-50.120.0237

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Leonid Berenshtein (Leonid Yefimovich Berenshteyn), born in Shpikov (Shpykiv), Ukraine in 1921, recounts his father's death when he was six; moving to Pohrebyshche, Ukraine; his mother's remarriage; moving to Kiev, Ukraine; attending a Jewish school, then entering military school; being assigned to Rostov, Soviet Union, before the outbreak of war; completing training as an artillery officer two days before the German invasion in June; posting to Przemysl; relocating to Korosten'; retreating with his unit through Ukraine and Belarus; witnessing the bombing of civilians; battles in Kiev and Poltava, Ukraine; being wounded; locals assisting him medically, providing false papers, and hiding him; going to Cherkassy, Ukraine; being arrested by police and escaping his imminent execution; briefly staying with his grandmother in Belozër'ye, Ukraine; going to to Smila, then to Ternovka; work at the railroad station in Shevchenkovo, Ukraine; going to Kirovgrad oblast looking for partisans; finding a partisan unit; many operations blowing up trains and battles with Germans; becoming chief of staff of the Pozharskiy Partisan unit (Otriad imeni Pozharskogo); various partisan activities; training near Melitopol', Ukraine; parachuting with others behind German lines; providing assistance to partisan troops; Jews who were partisans; earning two advanced degrees after the war; how he saved many Jews; being honored by several Polish and Czech towns; and writing books about his experiences.

Interviewee
Leonid Berenshtein
Date
1995 February 16  (interview)
Language
Russian
Extent
2 videocassettes (U-Matic) : sound, color ; 3/4 in..
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection
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Record last modified: 2018-03-14 09:15:42
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn503034