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Oral history interview with Eliezer Shvimer

Oral History | Accession Number: 1995.A.1272.248 | RG Number: RG-50.120.0248

Eliezer Shvimer, born in Bilke, Carpato, Russia (now in Ukraine) in 1924, describes the life of the Jewish community, youth movements, childhood games, and daily home routine; the Germans entering into Czechoslovakia in 1939 and the Carpats being given to Hungary; Czechs leaving the village and the Hungarians imposing restrictions on the Jews; a group of Jews who did not have the right papers were taken to Podolszyce and killed by the Einsatzgruppen; his father being taken to a labor camp in 1941; being taken by train to Beregszaz (Berehove, Ukraine), a ghetto for the surrounding villages; being transported to Auschwitz and the daily routine; the cruelty of Kapos; being sent by train to Buchenwald in 1944; the barracks, camp routine, the sick barrack, his work, and types of punishment; being taken to Gleina (Tröglitz concentration camp); working in a Braunkohle Benzin AG (Brabag) refinery; a Serb prisoner beating his father; sabotaging the Serb's machine for revenge; an uncle's arrival and assignment to the tailor shop (a privileged position); his uncle arranging his and his father's transfer there; his assignment as the Kapo's personal servant; escaping with his father during the bombing of Dresden then returning to the camp; being loaded on trains that were bombarded by Americans; a death march to Theresienstadt; liberation by Soviet troops; returning home via Prague, Bratislava, and Budapest; joining an uncle in Košice, Slovakia; assisting in organizing illegal immigration to Palestine; immigrating to Israel in 1950; his marriage and his daughter's birth; praying and fasting on Yom Kippur in camps; his father assisting many other prisoners; and the importance of his father's support to his own survival. He also shows photographs.

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Eliezer Shvimer
interview:  1995 June 02
7 videocassettes (U-Matic) : sound, color ; 3/4 in..
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection
Record last modified: 2020-03-26 09:29:00
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