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Oral history interview with Eliezer Shvimer

Oral History | Accession Number: 1995.A.1272.248 | RG Number: RG-50.120.0248

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Eliezer Shvimer, born in Bilke, Carpato, Russia (now in Ukraine) in 1924, describes the life of the Jewish community, youth movements, childhood games, and daily home routine; the Germans entering into Czechoslovakia in 1939 and the Carpats being given to Hungary; Czechs leaving the village and the Hungarians imposing restrictions on the Jews; a group of Jews who did not have the right papers were taken to Podolszyce and killed by the Einsatzgruppen; his father being taken to a labor camp in 1941; being taken by train to Beregszaz (Berehove, Ukraine), a ghetto for the surrounding villages; being transported to Auschwitz and the daily routine; the cruelty of Kapos; being sent by train to Buchenwald in 1944; the barracks, camp routine, the sick barrack, his work, and types of punishment; being taken to Gleina (Tröglitz concentration camp); working in a Braunkohle Benzin AG (Brabag) refinery; a Serb prisoner beating his father; sabotaging the Serb's machine for revenge; an uncle's arrival and assignment to the tailor shop (a privileged position); his uncle arranging his and his father's transfer there; his assignment as the Kapo's personal servant; escaping with his father during the bombing of Dresden then returning to the camp; being loaded on trains that were bombarded by Americans; a death march to Theresienstadt; liberation by Soviet troops; returning home via Prague, Bratislava, and Budapest; joining an uncle in Košice, Slovakia; assisting in organizing illegal immigration to Palestine; immigrating to Israel in 1950; his marriage and his daughter's birth; praying and fasting on Yom Kippur in camps; his father assisting many other prisoners; and the importance of his father's support to his own survival. He also shows photographs.

Eliezer Shvimer
1995 June 02  (interview)
7 videocassettes (U-Matic) : sound, color ; 3/4 in..
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection
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Record last modified: 2018-07-11 15:49:05
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