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Oral history interview with Shmuel Givony

Oral History | Accession Number: 1995.A.1272.249 | RG Number: RG-50.120.0249

Shmuel Givony (Tibor Salomon), born in Bratislava, Czechoslovakia (Slovakia) on June 30, 1923, discusses his youth; attending a Jewish German language school; participating in the Bar Kochba swim club; his sister's emigration to England in 1939; participating in Hashomer Hatzair; studying plumbing; his father's death in 1940; the Aryanization of Jewish businesses; war breaking out in September 1941; slave labor for the Hlinka guard; release after four months; his deportation to Sered; his mother hiding with non-Jews; bringing her to Sered and hiding her with a Czech family; his privileged position due to his plumbing skills; prisoners organizing sports and cultural events; joining a group that produced false paper and obtained weapons; assignment as a plumber outside the camp; escaping in 1943; traveling to Rimavská Sobota, Rimavská Sec, then Budapest; assistance from relatives; reconnecting with Hashomer Hatzair; traveling with two friends to Kosice, then Presov, using false papers; working as a plumber; meeting with his friends to maintain his Jewish identity; fleeing to Nitra fearing exposure; attending an underground meeting in Piestany; joining a partisan group; an ambush in Oslany; traveling to Bučovice; battles with Germans in the Slovak Uprising; obtaining permits to travel to Zvolen, then Bratislava; working in a factory as a non-Jew; visiting his mother; working for the underground; his arrest; interrogation by the Gestapo; being deportated to Sered; volunteering for bomb removal in Bratislava; a failed attempt to organize an escape; returning to Sered; volunteering as a welder for Alois Brunner, camp commandant; escaping with two others from a train transport; assistance from Czechs; hiding in Trencín, Slovakia; liberation by Soviet troops; returning home; learning his mother was killed in Ravensbrück; leading a Zionist youth group; traveling to Belgium; and immigrating to Palestine via Cyprus in 1947. He shows false papers he had used.

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Shmuel Givony
interview:  1995 February 15
5 videocassettes (U-Matic) : sound, color ; 3/4 in..
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection
Record last modified: 2020-03-26 09:29:00
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