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Oral history interview with Sophia Zaitzeva

Oral History | Accession Number: 1995.A.1272.256 | RG Number: RG-50.120.0256

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Sophia Zaitzeva, born in 1923 in Volochisk, Ukraine, discusses her family life; her brother's birth in 1927; entering university in Kiev, Ukraine in 1940; their move to a village for her father's job managing a sugar factory; traveling to Vinnytsia, Ukraine for a tonsillectomy; living with her family in Monastyrishche, Ukraine when the Germans invaded; the confiscation of their home; the murder of five prominent Jewish leaders; her father continuing to manage the factory; her mother informing people she was not Jewish (she did not "look Jewish"); moving into a ghetto area at the edge of Monastyrishche, Ukraine; receiving assistance from an Ukrainian family; a round-up for a mass killing which included her father; escaping with her mother and brother; letters written by her mother after the war that document the family's experiences during German occupation; her mother obtaining false papers; attempting to join partisans; joining a partisan unit headed by Aleksandr V. Kokarev; becoming an intelligence operative; being captured by a German patrol; being sent with her comrades to a gendarme post in Balta, Ukraine; being held in Balta from January to March 1944; keeping their morale up with songs despite torture; escaping with a group of prisoners; hiding with partisan contacts; returning to Vinnytsia; reuniting with her mother and brother; traveling to Moscow, Russia in 1945; completing law school in Kiev; her marriage; having frequent nightmares resulting from her experiences; and immigrating to Israel. She also shows photographs, documents, and publications.

Interviewee
Sophia Zaitzeva
Date
1995 February 16  (interview)
Language
Russian
Extent
2 videocassettes (U-Matic) : sound, color ; 3/4 in..
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection
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Record last modified: 2018-07-11 15:49:06
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn503070