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Oral history interview with Marek Herman

Oral History | Accession Number: 1995.A.1272.259 | RG Number: RG-50.120.0259

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Marek Herman, born in L'viv, Ukraine in 1927, describes being the oldest of four children; his family's poverty; attending a Jewish school; antisemitic harassment; the Soviet occupation; the German invasion; ghettoization; he and his brother living as non-Jews on the Aryan side; smuggling food to his family; the deportation of his mother and sister; bringing food to his father at Janowska; he and his brother being denounced as Jews; escaping during his brother's interrogation; obtaining false papers from a Ukrainian friend; Italian soldiers befriending him; traveling with them when they left L'viv in 1943; living in a children's home in Udine, Italy; being adopted by an Italian soldier; traveling with him by train to Mestre, Italy; the soldier's arrest; escaping with another boy; traveling to Ghemme, Italy; living with his companion's adopted family; traveling to his adoptive family in Canischio, Italy; working on their farm; attending a boarding school in Cuorgnè, Italy; liberation by partisans in 1944; joining them as a translator; fighting in hit-and-run battles; recruitment by the OSS (Office of Strategic Services); serving throughout Italy in Giaveno, Turin, Condove, and elsewhere; being captured by the Germans and escaping; demobilization; returning to L'viv, via Melk, Austria and Kiev, Ukraine; moving with an aunt and uncle to Wrocław, Poland; moving to Rosenheim displaced persons camp; working at a Deror youth summer camp; assisting with illegal immigration to Palestine from Austria through Italy; attending a Haganah training course in Bari, Italy; his immigration to Israel via Naples, Italy; serving in the Palmah; his book about his experiences; and his contact with historians during visits to Italy.

Interviewee
Marek Herman
Date
1995 November 16  (interview)
Language
Hebrew
Extent
6 videocassettes (U-Matic) : sound, color ; 3/4 in..
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection
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Record last modified: 2018-03-14 09:15:45
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn503079