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Oral history interview with Efraim Shiper

Oral History | Accession Number: 1995.A.1272.267 | RG Number: RG-50.120.0267

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Efraim Wolf Shiper, born on September 25, 1916 near the small town of Josefow by the Vistule (Józefów nad Wislą) in Poland, describes his Orthodox family; attending school in Ostrowiec, Poland; joining the Hechalutz youth movement; his family moving to Brussels, Belgium; becoming active with the Bund and Socialist movement in Belgium; the Jewish community; the entrance of the Germans into Belgium; obtaining fake documents; his job in the underground and the work of his wife, Claire; he and his wife managing to secret away his two younger sisters to a farm; his lack of connection with the Judenrat; the reaction of his father to his sons being in the underground; the newspaper they published in the underground; he and Claire being apprehended by the Gestapo; arriving in Malines (Mechelen), Belgium and being there for three months in 1943; making plans to jump off the train if put on a transport; successfully jumping off the train in Tongres (Tongeren), Belgium and going to Liege, Belgium; returning to Brussels; moving to Charleroi, Belgium; considering reversing his circumcision; Claire's abortion; how some people in the pro-Trotsky group volunteered to fight in Spanish Civil War; Claire's work as editor; liberation in August 1944; part of his family immigrating to Israel in 1948; he and Claire going to Uruguay and then Brazil; becoming active in the Zionist movement in the 1960s; immigrating to Israel in 1968; and their daughters’ acclimation to Israel.

Interviewee
Efraim Shiper
Date
1995 December 08  (interview)
Language
Hebrew
Extent
5 videocassettes (U-Matic) : sound, color ; 3/4 in..
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection
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Record last modified: 2018-03-14 09:15:46
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn503100