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Oral history interview with Menachem Katz

Oral History | Accession Number: 1995.A.1272.269 | RG Number: RG-50.120.0269

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Menachem Katz was born in Berezhany, Poland, in 1925. He describes antisemitic incidents which increased towards 1939 when war broke out. Menachem discusses life under Soviet rule. He talks about bombardment by Germans, their entry into town, and the Soviet withdrawal in July 1941. Menachem describes establishment of the ghetto. In June 1943, he and his father went to a work camp, while his mother remained in the ghetto. Menachem ended up in the forest in hiding, assisted by a peasant. He built a bunker which was destroyed and rebuilt. Menachem survived in the forest by stealing from other peasants. He met others Jews from Berezhany, who were in hiding in the forest and had weapons. Menachem describes life in the forest for an eight month period. He also talks about liberation by the Russians and his return to the village in July 1944, where no Jews remained. He were repatriated to Poland and then with Aliya Bet, traveled to Italy. After two years in a kibbutz in Italy, he went on a boat, the"Bracha Fuld," to Palestine. The British took them to Cyprus where he stayed for eight months. In 1947, he went to Palestine, where he later becomes an architect, raised a family, and wrote a book about his experiences

Interviewee
Menachem Katz
Date
1995 December 22  (interview)
Language
Hebrew
Extent
6 videocassettes (U-Matic) : sound, color ; 3/4 in..
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection
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Record last modified: 2018-07-11 15:49:09
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn503105