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Oral history interview with Yekutiel Shor

Oral History | Accession Number: 1995.A.1272.273 | RG Number: RG-50.120.0273

Yekutiel Shor, born in Bialystok, Poland on February 1, 1928, describes being one of two children; his large, extended family; attending Jewish and Polish schools; participating in Hashomer Hatzair; his father's death in 1938; the brief German invasion in 1939, then the Soviet occupation; the Germans invading again in June 1941; the forcing of 300 Jews into a synagogue, which was then burned; ghettoization; forced factory labor; an action in 1942; hiding during round-ups; his sister being taken from work; round-up by Ukrainians; being beaten unconscious and, upon awakening, seeing his mother shot; being taken to the Blizyn work camp, where he worked in a quarry; trading valuables he found with local Poles for food; sharing with his friend; public executions of escapees; being transferred to Auschwitz/Birkenau, Sachsenhausen, and then Ohrdruf; arriving in Ohrdruf and building an underground tunnel; being taken to Peenemünde, an island near Stettin (Szczecin); the Russian POWs and 860 Jews in the camp; working in an underground facility from which missiles were sent to England; sexual harassment by a German prisoner; the Allied bombings leading to evacuation; a death march to Szczecin, Buchenwald, and then Bergen-Belsen; liberation by British troops; obtaining food from houses in Celle; traveling east; enlisting in the Russian Army; deserting with several others; receiving assistance from a woman in Bydgoszcz, Poland; returning home; finding his house occupied; going to Krakow, Poland and joining a kibbutz where Antek Zukerman was the leader; living in Föhrenwald displaced persons camp; immigrating to Palestine in 1946; being caught by the British and taken to Palestine to the Atlit camp; his uncle getting him out of the camp; joining a kibbutz and then the Palmach; losing a leg in the 1948 Israel-Arab War; his marriage; the births of his two children; and visiting Auschwitz and Bialystok later in life.

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Yekutiel Shor
interview:  1996 January 26
2 videocassettes (U-Matic) : sound, color ; 3/4 in..
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, courtesy of the Jeff and Toby Herr Foundation
Record last modified: 2020-03-26 09:29:09
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