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Oral history interview with Dov Hershkovitz

Oral History | Accession Number: 1995.A.1272.278 | RG Number: RG-50.120.0278

Dov Hershkovitz, born in 1913 in a village in east Czechoslovakia (Carpathian Ruthenia), describes his father’s flour mill; attending religious schools; his five siblings; becoming less religious and more nationalistic-Zionist and being expelled from the Yeshiva with like-minded friends; participating in Hachshara and planning to immigrate to Palestine; serving in the Czech Army for three years and receiving officer training; the experiences of Jews in the army; working in Prague, Czech Republic; moving between army service and Zionist agricultural training in 1938 and 1939; working for the Chalutz Organization and the composition of these groups, social and Jewish issues, and relationships with the Judenrat as well as the Czech and German authorities; the increased tension and German demands; deportations from the village; moving to the Terezin Ghetto; rabbis and synagogues in the ghetto; his various jobs, including his work on the train; being deported to Auschwitz-Birkenau; the selections and conditions in the camp; being transferred to a work camp in Germany; meeting his sister in women’s camp; his work commandos; the lice and widespread typhoid; the Allied air bombardment beginning in 1945 and how it affected the prisoners; getting typhoid; being marched to Dachau; being liberated by the Americans, who took them into SS and Munich hospitals for a two week cleanup and recuperation; going to Prague and finding his wife and some family; resettling in Prague and starting Chalutz reorganization; immigrating to Palestine in 1946; joining a kibbutz; his feelings regarding Israeli attitudes towards the Holocaust and its survivors; how he handled his children’s questions and his own distressing memories; and photos of his old village as well as of his recent group travels throughout the areas where he was during the Holocaust.


Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Interviewee
Dov Hershkovitz
Date
interview:  1996 February 22
Language
Hebrew
Extent
9 videocassettes (U-Matic) : sound, color ; 3/4 in..
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, courtesy of the Jeff and Toby Herr Foundation
 
Record last modified: 2020-03-26 09:29:10
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn503125