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Oral history interview with Dov Hershkovitz

Oral History | Accession Number: 1995.A.1272.278 | RG Number: RG-50.120.0278

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Dov Hershkovitz, born in 1913 in a village in east Czechoslovakia (Carpathian Ruthenia), describes his father’s flour mill; attending religious schools; his five siblings; becoming less religious and more nationalistic-Zionist and being expelled from the Yeshiva with like-minded friends; participating in Hachshara and planning to immigrate to Palestine; serving in the Czech Army for three years and receiving officer training; the experiences of Jews in the army; working in Prague, Czech Republic; moving between army service and Zionist agricultural training in 1938 and 1939; working for the Chalutz Organization and the composition of these groups, social and Jewish issues, and relationships with the Judenrat as well as the Czech and German authorities; the increased tension and German demands; deportations from the village; moving to the Terezin Ghetto; rabbis and synagogues in the ghetto; his various jobs, including his work on the train; being deported to Auschwitz-Birkenau; the selections and conditions in the camp; being transferred to a work camp in Germany; meeting his sister in women’s camp; his work commandos; the lice and widespread typhoid; the Allied air bombardment beginning in 1945 and how it affected the prisoners; getting typhoid; being marched to Dachau; being liberated by the Americans, who took them into SS and Munich hospitals for a two week cleanup and recuperation; going to Prague and finding his wife and some family; resettling in Prague and starting Chalutz reorganization; immigrating to Palestine in 1946; joining a kibbutz; his feelings regarding Israeli attitudes towards the Holocaust and its survivors; how he handled his children’s questions and his own distressing memories; and photos of his old village as well as of his recent group travels throughout the areas where he was during the Holocaust.

Interviewee
Dov Hershkovitz
Date
1996 February 22  (interview)
Language
Hebrew
Extent
9 videocassettes (U-Matic) : sound, color ; 3/4 in..
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, courtesy of the Jeff and Toby Herr Foundation
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Record last modified: 2018-07-11 15:49:10
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn503125