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Oral history interview with Zhenja Gurevich

Oral History | Accession Number: 1995.A.1272.286 | RG Number: RG-50.120.0286

Zhenja Gurevich (née Zaretzka), born in Svencionys, Lithuania in 1927, discusses her early family life; attending school and her religious education; the arrival of the Germans; being moved to a former Polish military camp in Poligon, Lithuania; establishment of the ghetto in Svencionys, Lithuania; the death of her mother and two brothers; being sent to work on the railroad being built in Nova Svencionys (Svencioneliai), Lithuania; the underground organization in the Svencionys ghetto, including Markov, a folk-shule teacher who urged people to use a weapon to leave the Svencionys ghetto and ultimately became a partisan commander in the forests; liquidation of the Svencionys ghetto; hiding in the forest; work in the Vilna (Vilnius) ghetto; rebellion in and liquidation of the Vilna ghetto; her work near Riga, Latvia in Strazde, Latvia, moving construction materials; being transferred to Kaiserwald and returning to Strazde; traveling by boat to Stutthof; the evacuation of Stutthof; liberation; being taken to a hospital in Lwówek Slaski, Poland, where she received treatment for typhoid fever; working in a field hospital; traveling back to Vilna via Kovno (Kaunas), Lithuania, and eventual arriving in Svencionys; reuniting with a surviving cousin; her marriage in 1947; her arrival in Israel after its independence in 1948; life in Israel; and returning with her daughter, Miriam, to Svencionys on the fiftieth anniversary of liberation.

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Zhenja Gurevich
interview:  1996 August 01
8 videocassettes (U-Matic) : sound, color ; 3/4 in..
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, courtesy of the Jeff and Toby Herr Foundation
Record last modified: 2020-03-26 09:45:48
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