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Oral history interview with Miriam Eizenshtat

Oral History | Accession Number: 1995.A.1272.298 | RG Number: RG-50.120.0298

Miriam Eizenshtat (née Kirchenbaum), born on September 3, 1929 in Belzyce, Poland, describes going back and forth between her aunt’s house in Belzyce and her family’s house in Lublin when the war broke out in 1939; being in Belzice when her immediate family was taken; going into the Majdan Tatarski Ghetto; hiding during an “action” once the Polish Army pulled out; being sent in May of 1943 to camp Kraznik then camp Butin (Budzyn); the cruelty of the guard Feig (Feix); being transferred to Butin Kitset, where there was a medical clinic; being taken in cattle trains to Majdanek; the evacuation of Majdanek and being forced to march for a week to Tshmelev, Poland; going by train to Auschwitz and moving to Birkenau; her work splitting rocks and the sadistic guard Maria; her aunt undergoing medical experiments; menstruation in the camp; her feelings of hopelessness; the week-long death march and then being in cattle trains to Ravensbrück; living with Romanies; being taken by train to camp Malchin near Berlin, Germany; conditions in the camp and the children’s block; how in May 1945 the SS left and the Wehrmacht took their place; being marched out of the camp and abandoned by the Germans; being liberated by the Russians; being taken by train to Łódź, Poland and from there to Lublin to a special community house; going to Berlin; going to Lampertheim DP camp administered by UNRRA; going to Bergen Belsen, to the Kibbutz Nocham; immigrating to Israel by taking a train to Italy and then by boat to Israel in 1948; staying with an aunt in Tel Aviv; and marrying a survivor in 1949 and having children.

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Miriam Eizenshtat
interview:  1996 October 24
8 videocassettes (U-Matic) : sound, color ; 3/4 in..
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, courtesy of the Jeff and Toby Herr Foundation
Record last modified: 2020-03-26 09:45:51
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