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Oral history interview with Natan Raviv

Oral History | Accession Number: 1995.A.1272.299 | RG Number: RG-50.120.0299

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Nathan Raviv, born in 1928 in Sevluš, Czechoslovakia (presently Vynohradiv, Ukraine), discusses being the older of two children; his aunt's immigration to Palestine in 1933; attending cheder and public school; cordial relations with non-Jews; his father's work as a blacksmith; his bar mitzvah; attending gymnasium in Berehove; returning home after Hungarian occupation; attending a Zionist gymnasium in Mukacheve from 1942 to 1944; German invasion in March; returning home; ghettoization; his aunt's non-Jewish boyfriend smuggling food to them; his mother entrusting valuables with a non-Jewish friend (she returned them to Mr. Raviv after the war); deportation to Auschwitz-Birkenau in June; separation from his mother and sister; his father volunteering himself as a blacksmith and him as his assistant; prisoners committing suicide; overwhelming starvation; his father sharing his bread; praying together on Rosh ha-Shanah and Yom Kippur; public hangings; a death march to Gross-Rosen, then Dachau; the deaths of his uncle and father; liberation by United States troops; returning home via Prague; living with a surviving aunt; traveling to Budapest, intending to immigrate to Palestine; receiving assistance from Beriḥah; reaching the Judenberg displaced persons camp; traveling illegally to Milan; joining Hashomer Hatzair; assistance from UNRRA; selling goods in Rome; transfer to Cinecittà; deferring illegal immigration to Palestine, not wanting to be incarcerated again, but not being allowed to remain in Italy; traveling to Rio de Janeiro, Santos, Montevideo, then Buenos Aires in 1946; immigration to Israel in 1948; military draft in the Arab-Israel war; marriage; and the births of two children; the importance of being with his father to his survival; suppressing all emotions in the camps; nightmares resulting from his experiences; losing all belief in God; his unresolved emotional struggles; and continuing to question whether his survival was “worth it.” (Mr. R. notes visiting the camps and shows photographs.)

Interviewee
Natan Raviv
Date
1996 October 24  (interview)
Language
Hebrew
Extent
8 videocassettes (U-Matic) : sound, color ; 3/4 in..
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, courtesy of the Jeff and Toby Herr Foundation
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Record last modified: 2018-08-09 10:32:51
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn503167