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Oral history interview with Shlomo Levin

Oral History | Accession Number: 1995.A.1272.305 | RG Number: RG-50.120.0305

Shlomo Levin, born in the early 1930s in Kovno, Poland (Kaunas, Lithuania), describes his well-educated parents; being in a Betar youth group; the Jewish observances in his family’s home; the Russians occupying Kovno; the Polish refugees arriving; changes in education; the German invasion; killings in the street at the Seventh Fort; moving into the ghetto in Slobodka; his father’s death; the several roundups of Jews who were then killed at the Ninth Fort (Devintasis fortas); learning to be a carpenter in 1942 in a workshop outside the ghetto; the liquidation of the ghetto in Vilna (Vilnius, Lithuania) in 1943 and his family there coming to Kovno to live with them; witnessing a hanging in the ghetto; the ghetto being transformed into a work camp in 1943; the liquidation of the ghetto in April of 1944; being sent to the Kaufering train station, then marching to Landsberg; being sent to Dachau a few days later with the other children; the transport to Auschwitz and arriving on July 31, 1944; working as a carpenter in Auschwitz; some children contracting scarlet fever; the Rosh Hoshanah selection carried out by Dr. Mengele when 60 to 75 children were murdered; the daily schedule; being transferred to D lager; his friendships with the Polish Jewish children; his different jobs in the camp; singing and humming in the camp; being sent on a death march; a bombing while they were on the train; arriving in Mauthausen and the terrible living conditions; cannibalism; going to Gunskirchen; liberation day and the aftermath; meeting an Israeli officer with the Jewish Brigade; going to Munich, Germany; being hospitalized until February; immigrating to Israel; dedicating his life to service in the Palmach, then in the tank corps, and finally the Israeli army; and getting married in 1957.

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Shlomo Levin
interview:  1996 November 07
11 videocassettes (U-Matic) : sound, color ; 3/4 in..
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, courtesy of the Jeff and Toby Herr Foundation
Record last modified: 2020-03-26 09:29:13
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